90% of the Nigerian snails arethe Achatina Marginata Specie. Caution must be employed in selecting yourchoice of snails for breeding stock. There are 3 major type of Snails inNigeria and are said to be the largest in the world; The Achatina Marginata(AM), The Achatina Achatina (AA), and The Achatina Fullica (AF).
The AM is peculiar to NigeriaAlone and is usually d largest among all the snails on earth and can produce upto 40 eggs in a clutch & will produce such clutches 3 to 4 times a year& it takes between 21 to 40 days for the eggs to hatch, The AA is d 2ndlargest also in Nigeria and other countries and can lay up to 200 to 500 eggsin a clutch up to 3 to 5 clutches in a year, it also takes 21 to 28 days for dAA eggs and has an exclusively more whorls with longer and pointed ends whichis similar with the Achatina Fulica in features.
The Achatina Marginata breedwhich are believed to be the largest in the world can be discouraging andunsuitable for a profitable and commercial snail farm business as its onlycommercial significance is its giant size and nothing more.
The AM is only prized for itslarge size as it is the largest among all snails in comparison to the AA and AFbut low in egg production as it produces between 6 to 40 eggs maximum perclutch while the AF and AA produces between 200 to 500 eggs per clutch.
The AM is slow in growth, moreexhaustive and cost more to manage. It takes the AM between 21 to 40 days tohatch and 8 to 9 months before it starts the laying of eggs while the AF and AAtakes less time to grow and to lay it eggs between and reaches maturity within4 to 6 months and lay far more eggs with more comparative economic advantage.
The type of breed employed forsnail farming is very important so that your hope of financial freedom is notdashed in the course of a zestful venture encumbered with willful exuberance.
Therefore, make sure youselect the right stock for breeding from snail farmers and seek for properconsultation and be vast in your research and very open minded in your resourceand information sharing. please let’s not restrain nor hoard information fromthe reach of aspiring and intending snail farmers.
Snails grow faster when there is darkness, ease of movement and enough feeds, fruits, calcium supplement, root crops and vegetables for them to produce high quality and quantity of eggs. Snail farming can be started with a budget of between 20k and 500k to include its pen set up and the required breeding stock supply.
If a simple small pen isneeded, a basket used on a concrete floor or a large tractor tire will do justbest on a concrete floor filled with sand as long as proper ventilationmeasures is ensured.
Snail can die out easily whenstarved of needed oxygen as they equally breath air during active period andcan also die out easily when drowned or submerged in water or when water isretained in its shell at intermittent wetting period. For higher yield andproductivity, a free range.