Suckers are planted immediately after field preparation.
Plant holes are prepared with a minimum size of about 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm.
Care should be taken to separate the topsoil from bottom soil.
The sucker is placed in the hole and its corm is covered, first with the topsoil and then with the bottom soil.
In the plant hole, the side of the sucker corm which was formerly attached to the corm of its mother plant is placed against the wall of the hole.
The opposite side of the sucker’ corm is placed towards the middle of the plant hole, where the soil is loose.
The best sucker (the future ratoon) will emerge at the side opposite to where the planted sucker was previously attached to the mother plant.
If the land is sloping, the sucker should be so oriented that its follower will emerge against the slope.
That will delay the development of the so-called high mat when the ratoon crop grows out of the soil and exposes the corm.
Choosing The Time to Plant
Plantains can be planted throughout the rainy season. However, they should grow vigorously and without stress during the first 3 to 4 months after planting, and therefore they should not be planted during the last months of the rainy season.
Planting with the first rains seems agronomically sound but not financially advantageous.
Most farmers will plant at the onset of the rains, causing the market to be flooded with bunches 9 to 12 months after planting, when prices will be very low.
Planting in the middle of the rainy season is a better proposition as plantains will then be produced off- season and get high prices.