SOURCING, SELECTION AND STOCKING OF SNAILS

Sources of foundation stock: Snail farmers Research Institutes. M a r k e t s Hawkers Direct from the bush SNAIL FARMERS ADVANTAGES The age of the snail could be determined. The performance of the snails are known. The snails are already used to the system of rearing (Intensive system) The snail  are  well adapted to the environment. DISADVANTAGE The price may be higher than that of snails purchased from hawkers or obtained directly from the bush. RESEARCH INSTITUTES Snails to be used as foundation stock could also be purchased…

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REPRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF SNAIL

Sexual maturity:- Snails will start to lay eggs when they are sexually matured at 8-12 months or when their weight is between 110-125g.  Snails would continue to lay eggs both in the rainy and dry seasons under domestication. Factors that affect sexual maturity:- A g e Feeding Temperature Relative humidity. Disease condition Specie of the snail. Eggs of snails Clutch Size             4-18 Incubation period   28-32 days   MANAGEMENT PRACTICES:  Care for hatchlings or baby snails:  Care For The Growers Care For The Breeders/Adults Daily routine practices •        Check the housing…

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PROCESSING AND MARKETING OF SNAILS

All you need to know about Archatina Marginata Breed of Snail

Processing of snails: Snails could be processed for eating purpose as form eight month of age Use hard objects like stone, club or iron e.t.c to break the shell or put the snail in hot water for 3-5 minutes. Remove and shake. The visceral (Intestine and kidney e.t.c ) of the snail and the foot(edible portion) will come out of the shell. Separate the edible portion (foot) from the visceral and the shell. Wash the foot with alum or lime to remove the slime. The edible portion can then be…

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IMPACT OF SNAIL FARMING ON THE ENVIRONMENT.

  Introduction: Snail farming is simple and the management practices are very simple. We need to ask and answer some questions: •        What is the effect of rearing snail under domestication on the wild? •        environment i.e. the atmosphere? Is the rearing a nuisance to man? •        What are the likely source of the pollution? •         How can the pollution be controlled?

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Recommended Methods of Selecting Snail Breeding Stock

Recommended Methods of Selecting Snail Breeding Stock

It is recommended to use sexually mature snails, weighing at least 100-125 g, as initial breeding stock. Farming should preferably start at the onset of the wet season, because that is the time snails normally start to breed. Until snail farms become self-sustaining, farmers may have to collect snails from the wild or buy them cheaply in the peak season and fatten them in captivity in the off season. In relatively undisturbed forest areas, snails can be collected on days following rains. Snails are active at night and on cloudy…

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How to Choose a Snail Farming System

Basic Snail Farming Tools and Equipment’s

The type and dimensions of your snailery depend on the snail growing system you choose, and on the quantity of snails you intend to produce. As far is housing is concerned, your snail farm could be extensive, semi-intensive, or intensive, in increasing order of complexity, management and financial inputs. Three options might be considered: Extensive system: outdoor, free-range snail pens. Mixed, or semi-intensive system: egg laying and hatching occur in a controlled environment; the young snails are then removed after 6-8 weeks to outside pens for growing or fattening or…

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The Different Types of Snail Food

Seasonal and Daily Management Practices for Snail

Snails are vegetarian and will accept many types of food. All snails will avoid plants that have hairy leaves or produce toxic chemicals, like physic nut (Jathropa curcas). Young snails prefer tender leaves and shoots; they consume about twice as much feed as mature snails. As they get older, mature snails increasingly feed on detritus: fallen leaves, rotten fruit and humus. Older snails should be fed the same items as immature snails. If a change in the diet has to be made, the new food items should be introduced gradually.…

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Different Materials used for building Snail Houses

Basic Snail Farming Tools and Equipment’s

Snail farming is a very lucrative business, not just is it less capital intensive, it also have a huge profit potential. Today, we are going to be discussing about some of the materials that can be used in building snail houses depending on their cost and available, they include: 1. Decay and Termite-Resistant Timber: In West Africa favorable tree species are iroko (Milicia excelsa, local name – odum), opepe (Naucleadiderrichii, local name – kusia), or ekki (Lophira alata, local name – kaku). While in South East Asia poles can be…

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Impact of Soil Characteristics on Snails

Impact of Soil Characteristics on Snails

With soil being a major part of a snail’s habitat. Soil composition, water content and texture are important factors to consider in site selection due to the following reasons: The snail’s shell is made up mainly of calcium derived from the soil and from feed. Snails derive most of their water requirements from the soil. Snails dig in the soil to lay their eggs and to rest during the dry season. Because of all these reasons, it is essential that the soil is loose and that its calcium and water…

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Reasons why Snails Aestivate and How to Prevent it

Predators, Parasites and Diseases of Snail

Aestivating snail sealed into its shell by a calcareous layer. Snails aestivate if the temperature is too high (> 30 °C) or if the air humidity is too low (< 70-75%) relative humidity. Snails hibernate if the temperature drops below 5 °C. For the snail farmer the result is the same: his (or her) snails become inactive and stop growing, losing valuable growing time, while expenses for housing, tending and protection continue. Consequently, it is in the snail farmer’s interest to prevent or at least reduce dormancy by selecting the…

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Factors to Consider when Choosing a Snail Farm Site

Factors to Consider when Choosing a Snail Farm Site

There are some basic factors that needs to be considered when selecting a desirable site for your snail farm in order to avoid related issues in the nearest future. Some of those important basic factors to be considered include but not limited to the following: 1. General Considerations Snails are generally very used to escaping from enclosures. A priority in setting up a productive snail farming venture, therefore, is to construct escape-proof housing. There are several types of snail housing to choose from depending on the size of the venture…

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Climatic and Environmental Requirements for Snails

Climatic and Environmental Requirements for Snails

From the descriptions of the three major GALS species it is clear that snails, as cold-blooded animals, are sensitive to changes in atmospheric humidity and temperature. GALS, especially Achatina fulica, are able to put up with a range of conditions, but when temperature and/or humidity are not to their liking, they go into dormancy. The snail retracts its entire body inside its shell, sealing off the opening with a white, calcareous layer to prevent water loss from the body. This reaction is typical of all snail species. Aestivating snail sealed…

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