Routine Activities for better Poultry Production Performance

Routine activities are those activities which are carries out on daily, weekly and even on monthly basis. This is where some farmers or farm managers do mix a lot of things together just because they don’t know what to do either on daily, weekly and even on monthly basis. But dear readers, don’t panic you are at the right place at this time. In this article I will explain in details the activities you will need to carry out on your farm that will make your birds thrives well, that…

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Quail Eggs – The Super Food (34 Amazing Health Benefits)

Small in size but packed with essential minerals and vitamins Did you know? Quail eggs are more nutritious than most eggs, Quail eggs are richer in vitamins and minerals compared to chicken eggs. “Quail eggs contain 13 per cent protein compared to 11 per cent found in chicken eggs. They also contain 140 per cent of Vitamin B1, compared to 50 per cent found in chicken eggs,” they also contain vitmin B2 etc and Minerals like Zinc, Iron etc. They have good type of cholestrol (HDL) and are highly proteinous.…

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Chickens Open Wide for Gelatin Bead Vaccine

Making sure all newborn chicks are vaccinated right out of the hatchery isn’t always easy. Some birds may be missed by standard poultry vaccination methods and consequently, left with little defense against intestinal diseases. Developed by scientists at the Agricultural Research Service, a new vaccine delivery system to prevent diseases like coccidiosis may be more appetizing to birds than traditional methods. Coccidiosis, a common and costly poultry disease, is caused by tiny, single-celled parasites. These parasites, which belong to the genus Eimeria, live and multiply in the intestinal tract and…

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Poultry Management during Winter (Cold)

 Winter season has great effect on poultry production by lowering the temperature of surrounding. During winter when temperature goes down below 55ºF, various problems like reduction egg production, reduction in water intake, reduction in fertility and hatchability etc occurs. Therefore the management of poultry during winter is an important concern for poultry farmers. The following points should be considered to get better production from poultry during winter season: Orientation of house Ventilation Litter Management Feed Management Water Management 1.Orientation of House Poultry house should be designed in such a way…

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Steps to Combat Heat Stress in Birds

The aim of adopting measures to combat heat stress is not only to keep birds alive but also to get production out of them to achieve targeted figures i.e. number of egg from layers and a better body weight at particular age with specific FCR in broilers. The following steps will help to combat heat stress in birds: Housing Management Water Management Feed Management General Management 1.Housing Management a) Orient the long axis of poultry house in an east-west direction to minimize solar heating and directed access to sunlight. b)…

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POULTRY FARMING AND ADVERSE SEASON AS A STRESSOR

The environment can be defined as the combination of external conditions which have an impact on animals and humans. Perhaps the most important physiological response of poultry to the environment is the constant maintenance of a homoeothermic state during exposure to extreme ambient temperatures. Environmental stress causes adverse effects on performance of poultry. There are different types of stressors, namely: Climatic stress which may be either a Heat stress or Cold stress. Management stress which includes Excess light, Wet litter and Poor ventilation. Nutritional stress which may either include excess…

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AMINO ACIDS IN POULTRY NUTRITION – Types, Importance, Concept of Ideal Protein and the Principle of Limiting Amino Acids

What are Amino Acids? Amino acids are essential nutrients for both humans and animals. They are the basic blocks of protein, the major component of muscle, and therefore the meat that most animals are grown for. Protein is the single most important nutrient in the body, making up to about 17% of the nutrients. Also, proteins are the second most costly component of the diet apart from energy. Amino acids are needed by the chicken for optimal growth and performance. So, the quality of protein in a chicken diet will…

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Fowl Pox Issues among Birds and how to prevent it

Most mistakes some poultry farmers make is trying to inject their birds themselves, always consult your consultant for a proper vaccination and the effectiveness of your vaccines on your birds depends largely on the proper vaccination measure used. Some poultry farmers always experience this and some even tell me that “I have given fowl pox vaccine to my birds but I will still see them having swollen eyes and combs with some black spots” What can you say about that? Well there are three major possibilities for this problem; first,…

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Bird flu in the Poultry Farm and How to tackle it

Often times I smile when some intending farmers walk up to me and tell me that they would love to raise birds but that they are afraid of bird flu, well you don’t need to be afraid of bird flu because it is just like any other diseases of poultry. The reason why there is a lot of noise about it is because it can affect human beings. Therefore rather than being afraid, try and know all the possible ways of preventing the disease from your farm. Thou as at…

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Importance of Antibiotics and How Often to Administer them to your Birds

Antibiotics are targeted against particular disease conditions and are supposed to be used only when there is such disease at hand. So, it is not supposed to be used routinely. Use antibiotics for your birds only when they are sick and that should be under that supervision of your Doctor/Expert. However, there are times when antibiotics are used for prevention but even at that, let an expert guide you to know when and the type of drug to use. For some farmers who may wish to know if they can…

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Worm infestation in Poultry: Signs, How Often to De-worm and the Drug to Use

Often times poultry farmers ask how they would know if their birds are suffering from worm infestation, well the signs that will show you if your birds are suffering from worm infestation include loss of weight, their faeces may turn brown, may be blood-stained or live worms may be seen in their faeces. As for how often to de-worm your birds, it is recommended that you de-worm them first at 8 weeks, then subsequently you de-worm them once in every 2-3 months depending on your management system. Regarding the right…

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Importance of Vaccination, How to get Vaccines and List of all Vaccines

Some farmers say that they have raised some number of birds in the past without vaccinating them and lost only very few then they ask if vaccination is necessary? Well, I like to say lucky you. The fact you should know about vaccines is that they are not to cure diseases, rather they are to prevent diseases. This means that it is possible whether you use vaccines or not for diseases not to come. If diseases decide to come, then your vaccination will help a great deal in stopping them…

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Difference between Vaccines and Drugs and How Often to Vaccinate Birds

Vaccines are biological of which when administered produce antibodies against disease-causing organisms in the body of the animals while drugs are chemical substances of which when administered to the animals destroys the disease-causing organisms in the body of the animals thus curing the animals the infected diseases. Vaccines are only used in disease prevention while drugs can both prevent and cure diseases. There are already scheduled times when vaccines can be given to birds on their age. It is therefore advisable that as you are purchasing your Day Old Chicks…

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How to Identify Poultry Sick Birds and How to Handle Curable Diseases

Well since sickness is an abnormality, immediately you begin to see abnormal changes in the birds, you start to think of sickness. The changes normally include failure to eat well, sluggish movement, change in color of their feaces, some may be sneezing, some coughing and the climax is unusual death (mortality). Any or all of these should make the farmer suspect diseases. When some farmers ask if all diseases of birds are curable with drugs, well the answer is “NO” because thou many can be treated, others can be prevented…

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How Often to wash your Feeding Troughs and Drinkers

Washing feeding troughs and drinkers is the first duty of every poultry farmer/attendant every morning. They must be washed every day before fresh feed and water is served. This should be done with detergents and rinsed thoroughly. There are diseases birds can get through water of which the list of the diseases will be endless if we choose to name them. Therefore, good water hygiene must be maintained to ensure the water given to the birds does not become the source of their diseases. Go for water testing to be…

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