How to Plant Okro- Beginners Guide

Okra Okro (Abelmoschus esculentus) which is also known as Hibiscus esculentus and is also referred to as “ladies’ fingers in most English speaking countries is one of the most popular vegetables consumed across Nigeria, Okro is rich in vitamin A and low in calories which makes it a great addition to your diet, Growing of okro is easy and it appears great throughout the growing season due to its beautiful flowers. It’s a warm season crop. Growing okra requires a lot of sunshine and a good drainage system. When you prepare…

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How to Grow Paw-Paw (papayas): Beginners Business Guide

The fruit of papayas is high in vitamin C. You can also pick the fruit when it is green and cook it like a marrow. Female and male flowers do not grow on the same tree, so you must have male and female trees in the garden. Climate Papayas grow best in hot areas. They can tolerate mild frost if they are protected from cold winds. Soil requirements They can grow in most kinds of soil, but it must be well drained. The roots can get diseases if the soil…

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Garden Egg Production: Step-by-Step Guide

Introduction: Garden Egg: (Solanum melongena (L)) Consists of the following Suitable varieties: Long purple, Ojwanshua, Baby aubergines (Ravaya), Black beauty, Florida market, Ntrowa pa. and they prefer a relatively high day (320C) and night (210C) temperatures, thus require warm temperatures for optimum growth and development and Planting seeds can be obtained from reputable seed companies. Site selection: Garden eggs perform better in well-drained soils with high organic matter content and the site should also be close to a reliable source of water supply for irrigation. Land preparation: Land preparation is…

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When to plant and Planting methods of Sweet Potatoes

Sweetpotatoes are being planted on mounds, ridges or flat beds meanwhile good soil aeration is also required for storage root initiation, growth and higher yields, therefore the height of the mound or ridge to be used is very important. The mounds and ridges to be used must ensure good drainage, making it easier to harvest the mature roots, especially when harvesting is done in a piecemeal fashion as is often the case with sweetpotatoes. Whether mounds or ridges or beds are used, their sizes always varies among locations, usually based…

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Thinning of Plantain Suckers

Unlike those of most other bananas, plantain suckers develop very slowly. After harvest, all suckers start to grow at the same time and most have to be eliminated to stop competition. The tallest is left to guarantee the follow up and maintain the density. Thinning usually has to be repeated a month later, as new suckers will have emerged by that time. Suckers are thinned with a machete. The sucker pseudo stem is cut off near its corm and the point of the machete is twisted in the growing tip,…

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Required Spacing for Plantain Cultivation

The recommended spacing is 3 m between the plantain rows and 2 m within the row (in other words. 3 m x 2 m). An alternative is 2.5 m x 2.5 m. If spaced 3 m x 2 m, 1 hectare should contain 1667 plants, but with a spacing of 2.5 m x 2.5 m, it should contain 1600 plants. Rows should be straight in flat fields to give plants the maximum amount of sunlight. However, on sloping land, rows should follow the contour lines in order to decrease soil…

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Preparing the field for Plantain Cultivation

Fields are to be prepared with minimum disturbance to the soil (no-tillage farming). In consequence, manual clearing should be preferred to mechanical deforestation because bulldozers always remove topsoil with the important organic matter and compact the remaining soil. When an old natural fallow is cleared, the debris from the forest should be burned if plantain cultivation is planned for 1 or 2 cycles only. If perennial cultivation is being considered, planting should be done through the mulch .Young fallows of about 3 to 5 years or improved legume fallows should…

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Ways of Preparing of Plantain suckers

Suckers are separated from their mother plant with a spade or machete. The sucker corm must not be damaged or chipped. Consequently the corm should be carefully peeled with a machete. The pseudo stem of the suckers should be cut off a few centimeters above the corm. Peeling of the corm delays the development of nematode infestation, while cutting of the pseudo stem reduces bulkiness and improves early growth of the newly planted sucker. The peeling process is just like that for cassava. A freshly peeled healthy corm ought to…

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Method of Planting Plantain Suckers (PPS)

Suckers are planted immediately after field preparation. Plant holes are prepared with a minimum size of about 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm. Care should be taken to separate the topsoil from bottom soil. The sucker is placed in the hole and its corm is covered, first with the topsoil and then with the bottom soil. In the plant hole, the side of the sucker corm which was formerly attached to the corm of its mother plant is placed against the wall of the hole. The opposite side…

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Plantain’s Planting Period (PPP)

Plantains can be planted throughout the rainy season. However, they should grow vigorously and without stress during the first 3 to 4 months after planting, and therefore they should not be planted during the last months of the rainy season. Planting with the first rains seems agronomically sound but not financially advantageous. Most farmers will plant at the onset of the rains, causing the market to be flooded with bunches 9 to 12 months after planting, when prices will be very low. Planting in the middle of the rainy season…

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Methods of Weed Control on a Pineapple Farm

It is important to control weeds in pineapple farm during the first four months after planting so as to avoid slow growth of pineapple plants which could arise as a result of competition for space, nutrients and air with the crop. It is advisable that a A pre-emergence application of Atrazine @ 4kg a.i/ha is is to be applied immediately after planting in other to block the germination of weed seeds for as long as possible. Thereafter,a tank mixture of Atrazine and diuron can be used subsequently for weed control…

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