How to Prepare a Cow for Calving

How to Prepare a Cow for Calving

Below are some of the basic techniques involved when preparing a cow for calving: Milking cows should be dried after 10 months of milking The animal is then steamed up by giving it concentrates for the next two months before calving. 2 to 4 kg of good concentrates are given per cow in two splits per day. Heifers should be prepared for milking by often taking it to the dairy , massage the udder gently squeezing and pulling the teats and patting her on the back and the like. A…

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What to Feed Rabbits

What to Feed Rabbits

Today we are going to be discussing about the different classes of rabbit feeds we have and what to feed your rabbits. they include: (1) Concentrates feeds Include pellets: They are low fibre and high in digestible nutrients. They are available on market and can be fed with hay. (2) Dry roughage feeds. These include hay and straws. These feeds are high in fibre but low in digestible nutrients. Large quantities are needed to sustain the animal life. For young rabbits choose hay that is fine stemmed, leafy, green and…

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Importance of Mineral Licking Blocks in Livestock

Importance of Mineral Licking Blocks in Livestock

Mineral Blocks are essential vitamins which contains salt, essential macro and micro trace elements including calcium and phosphorus. It also contains added vitamins required for optimum performance for use in all breeds and ages of cattle, goats and sheep. Salt and minerals are important for the improvement of appetite, growth rate, milk production, and the prevention of diseases and infertility in animals. Below are some of the trace elements found in mineral links: Salt, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, E4 copper, E5 manganese, E6 zinc, E1 iron, E2 iodine, vitamin A, vitamin…

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Recommended Pastures for your Livestock Grazing

Recommended Pastures for your Livestock Grazing

The most important constraints to improve livestock production. For instance: Dairy, Beef and Goat, Piggery and Poultry Production are also related to Animal Nutrition. Most plant species sown for pastures usually belong to one of the two plant groups: Legumes and grasses. Legumes are plants with flowers like Caliandra which produce their seeds in pods compared to grasses like Napier that have compound leaves with three or more broad, rounded leaflets. Most legumes have tap roots that are able to obtain water from deeper in the soils than the roots…

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What exactly keeps your Animals Healthy? Find Out

What exactly keeps your Animals Healthy? Find Out

It is very simple, The immune system keeps the animal healthy. All animals and people have immune systems. The job of the immune system is to fight germs that invade the animal and could cause it to get sick. The immune system is like the animal’s own army, ready at all times to fight invaders that put the animal’s life at risk. The immune system is found everywhere in the animal’s body. It is made up of millions of little cells that are too small for people to see with…

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Different Classes of Snail Feed Based on their Nutritional Requirements

Although Snails feed very well on fruits and vegetables, I will like to use this medium to share with you all that snails feed is not only limited to natural feed alone. Snails can also feed on formulated feeds which contains 80% of the nutritional requirements for snails and also help to boost overall growth and well-being of snails as it relates to commercial snail Farming. Now, let us discuss in details the Different Classes of Snail Feed Based on their Nutritional Requirements below: 1. Carbohydrate: Just as humans need…

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Goat Breeds for Milk

Goats are one of the most popular animals which are being raised for the purpose of milk and meat production. There are different breeds of goats with each breed having a different meat and milk production rate. In order to get the most out of your goats, the right breed must be considered. Breeds of Goats can be classified according to their purposes i.e. for milk and for meat. First we will discuss the different breeds of goat for milk production below: Goat Breeds for Milk Goat milk contains less…

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Quail Eggs – The Super Food (34 Amazing Health Benefits)

Small in size but packed with essential minerals and vitamins Did you know? Quail eggs are more nutritious than most eggs, Quail eggs are richer in vitamins and minerals compared to chicken eggs. “Quail eggs contain 13 per cent protein compared to 11 per cent found in chicken eggs. They also contain 140 per cent of Vitamin B1, compared to 50 per cent found in chicken eggs,” they also contain vitmin B2 etc and Minerals like Zinc, Iron etc. They have good type of cholestrol (HDL) and are highly proteinous.…

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Vaccination Program for Birds

Below is a guide on the lists of the vaccines and their route of administration for your birds: Vaccine Time Route ND I/O Between Day 1& 5 Intraocular or nasal Marek’s Day 1 Subcut (Usually done from the hatchery) 1st Gumboro Between Day 7 & 10 In water 2nd Gumboro Day 18 In water 3rd Gumboro Day 28 In water Lasota Day 21 In water 1st Kumarov Week 6 Intramuscular Fowl pox Week 8 Wing web jabbing Fowl cholera Week 10 Fowl typhoid Week 12 EDS Vaccine Before birds start…

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Fowl Pox Issues among Birds and how to prevent it

Most mistakes some poultry farmers make is trying to inject their birds themselves, always consult your consultant for a proper vaccination and the effectiveness of your vaccines on your birds depends largely on the proper vaccination measure used. Some poultry farmers always experience this and some even tell me that “I have given fowl pox vaccine to my birds but I will still see them having swollen eyes and combs with some black spots” What can you say about that? Well there are three major possibilities for this problem; first,…

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Bird flu in the Poultry Farm and How to tackle it

Often times I smile when some intending farmers walk up to me and tell me that they would love to raise birds but that they are afraid of bird flu, well you don’t need to be afraid of bird flu because it is just like any other diseases of poultry. The reason why there is a lot of noise about it is because it can affect human beings. Therefore rather than being afraid, try and know all the possible ways of preventing the disease from your farm. Thou as at…

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Importance of Vitamins and How Often to Give them to your Birds

Broiler Finisher Mash Feed Formula

Vitamins help birds to regain vitality after some stressful conditions. It helps the birds to feed better and also enhances their productivity. Meanwhile vitamins cannot be abused on the farm; it should be used regularly as birds are most of the times subjected to one form of stress or the other. E.g. stress of vaccination, debeaking, transportation and even the stress of laying etc. as a routine, I recommend vitamin 3 days in a week for those I consult for especially for commercial layers. There are so many multivitamins that…

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