The most important constraints to improve livestock production. For instance: Dairy, Beef and Goat, Piggery and Poultry Production are also related to Animal Nutrition.
Most plant species sown for pastures usually belong to one of the two plant groups: Legumes and grasses.
Legumes are plants with flowers like Caliandra which produce their seeds in pods compared to grasses like Napier that have compound leaves with three or more broad, rounded leaflets.
Most legumes have tap roots that are able to obtain water from deeper in the soils than the roots of fodder grasses.
Legumes are highly valued because they are high in protein and yield well without being fertilized with nitrogen. This is because legumes are able to form a mutually beneficial relationship with Rhizobia bacteria.
In this association, the bacteria which is in the Nodules or swellings on the legume roots are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen and make it available to their hosts.
By now, am sure you might be interested on the list of those recommended pastures for your livestock’s?
Let’s discuss about that: Below are some of the common but not limited to pastures recommended for your livestock:
Alfalfa, Stylo, Sorghum, Cow-pea, Lablab, Siroto, Desmodium (sliver and green leaf), Cetro, Clitoria ternatea, Chloris ganyana, Panicum maximum, Seteria, Brachiaria, Kikuyu Grass, Hyparhenia Rufa, Sesbania sesban, Caliandra calothyrusus, Gliricidia, Napier / Elephant Grass, Russian Comfrey.
And lastly maize and sweet potato vines commonly known for silage production.
When next you are taking your livestock(s) out for grazing or providing fodder for them, search for any of the