Oil crops are those types of plants which are grown mainly for the oil they produce. For example: soybeans, canola, avocados, grapes, and almonds. Soybeans, peanuts, sunflowers, and canola are mainly used to produce edible oils.
Sunflowers are used to produce sunflower oils, peanuts are used to produce peanut oil (Ground nut oil) which is widely used to fry foods in many countries. Canola is used to produce Canola oil while Soybeans are used to produce Soya bean oil.
There are some major oils which are widely edible oil production and are also have other importance like being used as fuel oils and they include:
Coconut oil: This is a cooking oil which has medical and industrial uses and they are extracted from the kernel or the meat of the fruit of the coconut palm.
Corn oil: this is one of the principal oils sold as cooking oil and salad.
Cottonseed oil: Both domestically and industrially cotton seed oil are used as a salad and cooking oil.
Olive oil: They are used in cooking, in making cosmetics, making soaps, and it is also used as fuels in traditional lamps.
Palm oil: Palm Oil which is very popular in West African is used to produce palm oil (red oil) which are used in cooking, frying and also to make bio-fuel.
Peanut oil (Ground nut oil): This is used for salad dressing also used for frying.
Canola oil is one of the popular cooking oil.
Safflower oil is used in the paint industry and as cooking oil.
Soybean oil: Soya bean oil is produced from soya bean and the soya bean oil is produced as a byproduct of processing soy meal.