Below are some of the basic techniques involved when preparing a cow for calving:
- Milking cows should be dried after 10 months of milking
- The animal is then steamed up by giving it concentrates for the next two months before calving. 2 to 4 kg of good concentrates are given per cow in two splits per day.
- Heifers should be prepared for milking by often taking it to the dairy
- , massage the udder gently squeezing and pulling the teats and patting her on the back and the like.
- A cow due to calve, should be isolated one week before calving for closer attention.
A cow due to calve will some or all of the following signs:
- Rigid udder
- Clear discharge of mucus from the enlarged vulva
- Loss of appetite and restlessness.
Precautions During Calving
- Calving heifers should be given special attention as they are likely to have problems
- A veterinary doctor should be called in case of a difficult calving
- Ensure that after the calf is born it is licked by the dam and is free of mucus at the nostrils, mouth and eyes.
- Naval cord should be cut and tied then disinfected with iodine
- The newborn calve should be allowed to suckle the mother the first 24 hours to get colostrums before isolating it.