Benefits of Castration:
First and foremost, let us start by discussing the benefits of castrating your male ruminant animals. There are two major reasons why castration is done:
First is to prevent the male from involving in mating activities with the female and secondly, to make the animal get fattened up on time.
It is beneficial because the castrated male animal will then make use of all of its energy on building muscles and not for sexual activities which is a plus in fattening also, in case a male animal has a congenital abnormality castration will prevent it from transmitting the condition to future generations
In a situation where there are many male animals on the farm, castrating them will prevent them from being a reproductive waste because too many male on a farm is a waste therefore It is better they are castrated and fattened up.
Risks involved in Castration:
Castration being a surgical operation has its own risks, part of the risk is the fact that if the animal is castrated too early in life, the animal may end up having the appearance of a female. So, the animal must be allowed to attain some maturity level before castration is done.
Also, if castration is not properly done, the animal may bleed to death. Bacterial infection may also result in the wound created by castration if not adequately managed. It is therefore good to always insist that a Vet. Doctor castrates your animals.
How to avoid all the Risks:
The best thing to do is to consult an expert who will put you through the right age to castrate your animal, he will also help you castrate the animals effectively and then manage the resulting wound to avoid issues.
Allowing a non-professional to castrate your animals increases the risks of castration and could be very dangerous for the health and survival of your animals.
The Best Age to carryout Castration:
What determines the age to castrate them is when the reproductive organs to be removed have developed. An average age around six month is okay to castrate them
Castrating them when they have grown very old may delay wound healing which implies that they must therefore be castrated at the appropriate time in order to avoid that.