When bucket feeding of calves care should be taken

When bucket feeding of calves care should be taken

By Marshal Agrovet consultancy • Feeding excess milk to the calf can cause scouring. If scouring occurs, reduce the amount of milk and feed water separately. Wait with feeding water for at least one hour after feeding milk• Give the calf its milk immediately after milking when the milk is at body temperature or heat the milk to body temperature. Heating up can be done by “bain marie” method – bucket with milk in a bucket with heated water to exchange heat. NEVER MIX WATER AND MILK.• Observe strict cleanliness…

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Basics of Bio-Security in a Poultry Farm

Basics of Bio-Security in a Poultry Farm

by where there’s no vet series. Biosecurity refers to procedures used to prevent the introduction and spread of disease-causing organisms in poultry flocks. Because of the concentration in size and location of poultry flocks in current commercial production operations and the inherent disease risks associated with this type of production, it is imperative that poultry producers practice daily biosecurity measures. Developing and practicing daily biosecurity procedures as best management practices on poultry farms will reduce the possibility of introducing infectious diseases such as gumboro, infectious choryza, and Newcastle as well…

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Best Management Practices for Weaners (Young Pigs)

Introducing “Agric4Profit Pig Farm Set-Up"

The 3 weeks period immediately after weaning is very critical for the young pigs because a number of stresses may be encountered. After weaners have overcome the stress of weaning and are feeding properly, deworm them for the first time. Group the pigs according to age and size other than age alone. This provides an opportunity to record their feed consumption up to the time of selection at around 5 months and enhances the determination of feed efficiency. If you don’t group your pigs according to age and size, you…

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Best Management Practices for Mother Pig after Weaning (Dry Sow)

Best Management Practices for Mother Pig after Weaning (Dry Sow)

After weaning, sow has lost condition and has a negative energy balance. It should be fed on feed rich in energy and low in protein. This practice is known as flushing. High levels of sugar and starch cause the secretion of digestive fluids, enzymes and hormones such as insulin. An insulin peak stimulates the production of fertility hormones so the sow quickly gets on heat between 3- 14 days after weaning, releases large number of eggs thus large litter size.  I assume that you all know that nursing mothers don’t…

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Record Keeping in Commercial Pig Farming

Record Keeping in Commercial Pig Farming

The keeping of accurate records is absolutely essential for the success of any pig enterprise. The pig farm records must be simple, reliable and relevant to enable you evaluating the farm performance. Importance of Record Keeping It gives a clear picture of the type of operations, so that the exact degree of success can be measured. Act as aids to management and financial control. They are used to assess the strength and weakness of a farm and to plan for future activities. Records tell a pig producer what has been…

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Weaning and Advantages of Early Weaning in Pigs

This is the practice of separating the piglets from their mother. This activity usually exerts stress on the weaned pigs. Weaning is usually done 3- 6 weeks of age depending on the farmer’s level of management as well as his or her objectives. Other changes should be slowly affected at weaning. Don’t not abruptly change the ration but for a few days, continue feeding creep feed mixed with weaner ration and finally eliminate the creep feed completely at about two weeks after week weaning. Deworming should be done two weeks…

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Guidelines for The First 7 Days of Brooding Day-Old Chicks

Guidelines for The First 7 Days of Brooding Day-Old Chicks

1. Early placement of chicks in the house, access to fresh clean water and feed after arrival is important. The time of transport from the hatchery to the farm should be as quick as possible. This is because the hatch window might be close to 12-24 hours after hatching and there is no need for further delay once you have collected your birds from the hatchery/sales point. On placement, provide an hour of clean water mixed with glucovitam and sangrovit ws , and wait to give feed until the one…

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Paternal and Maternal Pigs Breeds and Breeding

Paternal and Maternal Pigs Breeds and Breeding

The pig farmer, no matter how good, cannot do better than the pig’s genetic potential for production. Improvement in the productive parameters such as litter size, average weight gain, mothering ability and muscling ability can be achieved only through selection of pigs with superior genetic makeup as the parents for the next generation. Since the main objective of pig farming is production of meat, the pig farmers must learn to select those pigs that can be manipulated through breeding and management in order to tap their optimum potential for meat…

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Causes of Reproductive Failures in Pigs Production

Best Management Practices for Weaners (Young Pigs)

The profitability of pig farming is determined to a large extent by the reproductive performance that’s number of piglets born alive/sow/year. This is governed by two factors; litter size and number of litters each produces each year. Gestation length =114 days. Lactation length = 28 days. Weaning to oestrus = 8days. Total       = 150 days. Potential = 2.4 litters/sow/year. Average piglets born alive per litter 14. Therefore, number of piglets / sow / years = 28. Infectious diseases can play a role in reproductive failure but there is a tendency…

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Major Causes of Abortion in Pigs and How to Prevent it

Record Keeping in Commercial Pig Farming

Many agents that cause reproductive failure in sows produce a broad spectrum of sequelae, including abortions and weak neonates, as well as stillbirth, mummification, embryonic death, and infertility. Mummification is seen more frequently in swine than in many other species because of the large litter size. If only a few fetuses die, abortion rarely occurs; instead, mummies are delivered at term, along with live piglets or stillbirths. 1. Non-infectious Causes High ambient temperature (>32°C [>89.6°F]) is associated with increased returns to estrus, increased embryonic mortality, decreased farrowing rates, and small…

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