Harmattan and it’s Effect on Poultry Production

For most poultry farmers, Harmattan period is that time of the year when they refuse to stock Day Old Chicks (D.O.C) for brooding due to the fear that cold will kill all of their chicks. Some even cover their entire poultry pens to avoid excessive cold but while doing all these they also affect the birds they tend to protect because there is no more cross ventilation for them. On our previous topic, we talked about the ideal construction for a poultry pen which covered the ideal length, height, width…

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How to Hatch Fertile Eggs into Day Old Chicks (D.O.C)

What is hatchery? Hatchery is a place for hatching fertile eggs to produce “day old chicks” (D.O.C), which you will buy to start poultry farm on your own. Hatchery may be on large or small scale depending on the size of the Incubator. Incubator is a box like apparatus for hatching fertile eggs by artificial warmth in the hatchery room. There are two types of incubators and they are: Setter Incubator and Hatcher Incubator. Procedures in Chicks Production Production of “Day Old Chicks” (D.O.C) start with the brood eggs laid…

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Brooder Guards and It’s Uses

Brooder guards are very useful during the first few weeks of chicks in the brooder house because they help to confine the chicks to the source of heat, food and water. With this in place, every chick in the house can have access to the food and water without strain and chicks would not over-crowd themselves. However, brooder guards can be removed when most of the chicks can fly over them during the hot season, removal can be after 2 weeks and at this stage, most of the chicks are…

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Thermometer and it’s Uses on Poultry

The use of Thermometer is very essential for the regulation of heat for the chicks. The temperature required is measured at the edge of brooder box while bulbs are placed lower at the level of chicks back. However, the temperature should not exceed 35ºc during the first and second weeks respectively. It is save to continue heating until the sixth week and heating should be put off when the day is hot. The following tables below are the temperatures required for the chicks: Weeks Temperature required 1st Week 32-35ºc 2nd…

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Management of Day Old Chicks (D.O.C) till 6th Week

Heat: Heat should be supplied to the chicks from one to six weeks old. The brooder guards should be removed when most of the chicks can fly over the guards during the cold period. However, guards could be removed after two weeks during the hot season. Excessive Heating: This is one of the things you should try to avoid when the weather is too hot for the chicks, they behave sluggishly and loss appetite. To avoid this unpleasant situation, you must make sure that you give the required temperatures to…

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