WAYS OF TACKLING DEFORESTATION PROBLEMS

As environmentalists focus on the International Year of Forests, there has been much attention on destructive logging in Africa’s rain-forests, including in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Deforestation is a process where vegetation is cut down without any simultaneous replanting for economic or social reasons. Deforestation has negative implications on the environment in terms of wildlife and increased desertification among many other reasons. According to data taken over a five year period from 2000 to 2005, Nigeria has the largest desertification rates in the world with loss of 55.7% of…

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Production and Marketing of Palm Wine

Palm wine and palm alcohol (processed from wine, Section 4.8.1) are commonly marketed throughout the West African region. While there is market demand for palm wine, there are considerable problems associated with its production and marketing: sap yields are extremely variable, and the wine does not keep longer than a day or two. For this reason, markets for palm wine are quite localised. Most households in the region do however, produce palm oil, half of which is sold in local regional markets (Smith 1979, Longhurst 1985, Commonwealth Secretariat 1980, Sierra…

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