What are fungal diseases in plants?

Fungi are responsible for approximately two-third of the infectious plant diseases. There are many plant diseases caused by fungi, like mildew, smuts, rusts, etc. Fungi belong to a large and diverse group of microorganisms. They are actually cells that consist of a membrane-bound nucleus and are devoid of chlorophyll. They also have rigid cell walls. These fungi have a vegetative body, of which some parts extend into the air and others penetrate the substrate of the organisms that it grows on. Fungi propagate through sexual as well as asexual methods…

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How to increase Passion Fruit Yields

Steps to get high yields from passion fruits Passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) is a very profitable crop, but what has stopped many farmers from growing it is the high prevalence of diseases that cause vines to die. So, how do you grow healthy passion fruits? a) Passion fruits can easily be grown from seeds, however, use of vines grafted onto yellow passion fruit rootstock is recommended as they have better disease and nematode resistance. b) Water regularly and ensure good soil fertility by incorporating large amounts of compost, mulching and…

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Do you know that Cassava’s high in iron and zinc could improve diets and health?

The “hidden hunger” caused by micronutrient deficiency is a global threat to human health, with particularly severe impacts in Africa. In Nigeria, 75 percent of preschool children and 67 percent of pregnant women are anemic, and 20 percent of children below five years suffer from zinc deficiency. Iron deficiency anemia affects the immune system, stunts growth and impairs cognitive development in children, while deficiency in zinc causes increased risk of death from diarrhea, stunting and reduced cognitive development. Developing new varieties of a staple food crop with elevated levels of…

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Where do the best strawberries grow?

Agricultural production benefits enormously from flower-visiting bees and other flower-visiting insects. Because of their supply of flowering plants and opportunities for nesting, hedgerows and the edges of forests represent important habitats for pollinators. A team from the departments of Functional Agrobiodiversity and Agroecology at the University of Göttingen has investigated whether hedgerows and their proximity to forests might have a positive effect on the pollination of strawberries. It was found that both the weight and the quality of strawberries increased when strawberry plants were placed at hedgerows or at hedgerows…

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Small number of crops are now dominating globally

A new U of T study suggests that globally we’re growing more of the same kinds of crops, and this presents major challenges for agricultural sustainability on a global scale. The study, done by an international team of researchers led by U of T assistant professor Adam Martin, used data from the U.N.’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) to look at which crops were grown where on large-scale industrial farmlands from 1961 to 2014. They found that within regions crop diversity has actually increased in North America for example, 93…

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