Ways to obtain High Yield from your Maize Farm

According to statistics, it has been proven that Nigeria for example produces approximately 8million metric tonnes of maize per year. Maize is one of the most versatile emerging crops having wider conditions. Globally, maize is known as queen of cereals because it has the highest genetic yield potential among the cereals. It is cultivated on nearly 150m ha in about 160 countries having wider diversity of soil, climate, biodiversity and management practices that contributes 36% (782MT) in the global grain production. Soils Maize can be grown successfully in variety of…

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How to Cultivate Hybrid Maize in Nigeria

Maize, also known as Corn is one of the most useful cereal crop in West Africa, foods made out of maize is very nutritious as it is an important source of carbohydrate, protein, iron, vitamin B, and minerals, and is known to digest very quickly. Most Africans tend to consume maize mainly as a starchy base in a wide variety of porridge, pastes, grits, and beer. The Green freshly harvested maize cob is eaten either roasted or boiled. In many Western countries like the USA, maize is used mainly for…

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Sowing Guide for Different kind of Crops

 Every crop farmer must be aware of the specie he/she wants to cultivate, the average number of seeds, the quantity for sowing per hectare and the crop density (Number of plants per hectare). This will help the farmer understand what his or her expectations are from the crops to be planted. Below is a comprehensive sowing guide for different types of crops according to their specie, average number of seeds (grams), quantity required for sowing (in kilogram) and the crop density i.e. number of required plants per hectare. Species Average…

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Maize pest exploits plant defense compounds to protect itself

A new study explains why biological control of the western corn root-worm has not been efficient The western corn rootworm continues to be on the rise in Europe. Why attempts to biologically target this crop pest by applying entomopathogenic nematodes have failed, can now be explained by the amazing defense strategy of this insect. In their new study, scientists from the University of Bern, Switzerland, and the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, show that the rootworm larvae are able to sequester plant defense compounds from maize…

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Vitamin E discovery in maize could lead to more nutritious crop

New research has identified genes that control vitamin E content in maize grain, a finding that could lead to improving the nutritional profile of this staple crop   New research has identified genes that control vitamin E content in maize grain, a finding that could lead to improving the nutritional profile of this staple crop. Cornell University scientists and colleagues from other institutions combined different types of genetic association analyses to identify 14 genes across the genome that were involved in the synthesis of vitamin E. Six genes were newly…

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THE DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE PLANT-CROP PLANT FORMS

1. Shoots: Shoots target the above-ground business of the plant. Very young plants may possess only simple, undeveloped shoots. As a plant grows, however, these tender shoots develop into stems and leaves. So, stems and leaves are really part of the shoot system. Stems and leaves are so different and specialized that it is worth considering them separately. Overall, the shoot system enables a plant to grow taller to gain access to energy-giving light, and allows the plant to convert that light energy into the chemical energy of sugar. Like…

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Classification of Crops

Classification based on life span of crops/duration of crops: 1.1 One seasonal crops: these are the kind of crops that completes its life cycle in one season. E.g. rice, wheat etc. 1.2. Two seasonal crops: these are those kind crops that complete its life in two seasons. E.g. Cotton, turmeric, gingers 1.3. Annual crops: these are crops that require one full year to complete its life cycle. They complete their life cycle once in a year or a growing season; and during this period, the vegetative and reproductive stages are…

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Crop Plant Forms

1. Monocotyledonous crops: these are   E.g. All cereals & Millets, They usually have narrow and long leaves and they include certain families of grasses: orchids and lilies. Palms e.g. coconut palm, oil palm, raffia palm, and royal palm are the common trees in this group. Maize, guinea corn, millet, rice and wheat are the food crops in this group of plants. Sugar cane is also in this group and it is industrial. 2. Dicotyledonous crops: these are crops that have two cotyledons in the seed. e.g. all legumes &…

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Crop Storage Methods

There are basically two methods of storage: in bags and in bulk. Bags can be stored either in the open air or in warehouses; bulk grain is stored in bins or silos of various capacities. a) Drying Cribs Drying crib can be used for a storage barn but it is too dangerous to leave the grain exposed to insects, birds, and other pests in order to avoid that, when the grain is dry it should be moved to a better storage place. b) Bag Storage Bag storage is a very…

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Systems of Crop Production

Under the growing of crops, there are different systems in which crops can be cultivated which are usually practiced by farmers, Cropping systems vary among farms depending on the available resources and constraints; geography and climate of the farm; government policy; economic, social and political pressures; and the philosophy and culture of the farmer. Important categories of crops include cereals and pseudo-cereals, pulses (legumes), forage, and fruits and vegetables. Specific crops are cultivated in distinct growing regions throughout the world. The most common systems practiced include: Mono-cropping (sole cropping) This…

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