Brain study reveals how insects make beeline for home

Researchers have shed light on the complex navigation system that insects use to make their way home in a straight line following long, complex journeys. Credit: © duskojovic / Fotolia Story Source: Materials provided by University of Edinburgh. Scientists have discovered how the wiring of bees’ brains helps them plot the most direct route back to their hive. Researchers have shed light on the complex navigation system that insects use to make their way home in a straight line following long, complex journeys. They have revealed how a network of…

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An algorithm that explains how ants create and repair trail networks

Ants of the species C. goniodontus, painted so that researchers can track their movement through the network of vegetation that connects their nests and food sources. Credit: Deborah Gordon Story Source: Materials provided by Stanford University. Imagine you’re a member of the Cephalotes goniodontus species, an arboreal ant with a Darth Vader-like head that has inspired humans to call you “turtle ants.” You’re moving along a branch of the tangled tree canopy in Jalisco, Mexico, following a scent trail left by other ants from your colony, but you hit an…

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Scientists and farmers work together to wipe out African Love-Grass

Highly invasive African lovegrass is threatening pastures and native grasslands Australia-wide. Credit: QUT Marketing & Communication Story Source: Materials provided by Queensland University of Technology. A partnership between QUT, the NSW Government and farmers could lead to the eventual eradication of the highly invasive African lovegrass threatening pastures and native grasslands Australia-wide. What they discovered is that local knowledge is the key to a successful management approach. The results of a research project by Associate Professor Jennifer Firn from QUT’s School of Earth, Environmental and Biological Sciences, Emma Ladouceur from…

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Toxins Entering Plants through Soil

Soil amendments for healthier spinach: Combo of biosolids, zinc, limestone prevents toxic uptake The 44 plants from the experiment on harvest day. Plants were grown with different combinations of soil additives to prevent cadmium uptake. Credit: Carrie Green Story Source: Materials provided by American Society of Agronomy. Soils keep plants healthy by providing plants with water, helpful minerals, and microbes, among other benefits. But what if the soil also contains toxic elements? In areas like Salinas Valley, California, the soils are naturally rich in the element cadmium. Leafy vegetables grown…

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Massive projected increase in use of antimicrobials in animals by 2030

                                   Pigs in cages on truck. Credit: © Soonthorn / Fotolia  The amount of antimicrobials given to animals destined for human consumption is expected to rise by a staggering 52% and reach 200,000 tonnes by 2030 unless policies are implemented to limit their use, according to new research. The researchers, from ETH Zürich, Princeton, and the University of Cambridge, conducted the first global assessment of different intervention policies that could help limit the projected increase of antimicrobial use in food production. Their results, reported in the journal Science, represent an…

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Compound from oilseeds may be high-value product

Researchers at South Dakota State University are looking at the nonfood oilseed, carinata, as a potential biofuel feedstock. Credit: Image courtesy of South Dakota State University The oil extracted from ground seeds of camelina and carinata, oilseed plants from the mustard family, can be used as jet fuel. However, with oil prices at an all-time low, that is economically challenging. These promising biofuel sources may be one stop closer to reality due to extracting a substance called glucosinolate. Glucosinolate is one of the bioactive compounds that remains after the oil…

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When to Give Each of the Feed Types to the Birds

Broilers are raised for 8-10weeks. So give Broiler Starter Feed Mash during the first 4-5 weeks of life while you give Broiler Finisher Feed Mash in the last 4-5 weeks of life/ cockerels feed on Chicks Feed Mash for their first 8weeks of life , they are then maintained on Growers Feed Mash for the rest of their life (example: the rest 4months). Layers feed on Chicks Feed Mash for the first 8 weeks of life, They are then given Growers Feed Mash until they start laying at about 18weeks.…

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Different Types of Poultry Feeds

The feeds that birds eat depend on the type of birds you are raising. Broilers feeds are divided into two which are Broilers Starter Mash which are being given to the birds from the Day 1 and Broilers Finisher Mash which are being given to the birds when they must have come of age. Cockerel’s feeds are also divided into two which are the Chicks mash which is given to the birds from the beginning and the Growers mash which are being given to the birds after some time. Layers…

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How to Prevent the effect of Excess Cold and Excess Heat in a Poultry House

Am sure every poultry farmer will like to know how they can prevent the effect of cold during the rainy season and heat during the dry season in their poultry houses. Well as part of what should be in a poultry house, thick nylon should be attached round the pen and it should be long enough to cover all the parts of the pen that are made of net. When it is raining or cold weather, the nylon should be let down to cover the nets and give warmth to…

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The Ideal Number of Blocks above Ground level in constructing a Poultry Pen House

Most farmers often want to know how many courses of blocks they are supposed to raise above the ground level, this is a very good question as many farmers normally raise blocks very high above the ground level and this usually prevents birds from having access to good ventilation. The ideal courses of blocks to be raised above the ground level is either 1 or 2 blocks at most above the ground level, this will grant the birds access to good ventilation, meanwhile the number of blocks that will be…

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How to prevent Soldier Ants from invading your poultry House

Soldier ants are other pests that should not be taken for granted on a pen house as they have devoured thousands of birds in the past. As part of the poultry pen, a water way should be made round the pen and water should be available on the water way always. This will prevent soldier ants from crossing and having access to the birds. Also if the birds are raised in a relatively small scale, used engine oil could be spread round the pen as it is known to scare…

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How to prevent Rats from invading your poultry House

Rats are not friendly with birds at all, in fact they have been seen to devour thousands of chicks and they are one of the causes of death for growers and laying birds. In preventing them from invading the poultry house, you must first of all make sure that there are no holes that can serves as hiding places on the walls of the pen house. Also the surroundings must be made free of rats by regularly clearing the surrounding bushes and using rat killer substances to kill the rats…

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