Category: Goats

The Life-Span of Ruminant Animals

This implies how long ruminant animals can live before they die naturally. Well, being food animals, it is difficult to predict this because almost all of the time they are not allowed to reach its full age before they are being slaughtered. Therefore, knowing their life span may be difficult. However, I

Goats eating Nylon and What you should do

Of recent I got a question from a ruminant farmer that says “I discovered that my Goat ate a lot of nylon and is now very sick. What can I do? Well most of the time, animals that eat nylon usually die. The only option is surgery with which the nylon can

Best Route of Drug Administration for Ruminants

Ruminant farmers usually raise questions like where is one supposed to put their drugs, is it in their feeds or water? This is a very simple question for most ruminant farmers how are aware of the answer and at the same time a very difficult question for those that are not aware

Ways to Fatten Ruminant Animals Faster

Most times, Ruminant farmers ask questions like: is there any drug that one can give ruminant animals for them to develop faster? Hmm! Well the truth of the matter is that I will not like to recommend muscle building drugs for your animals because it also has a lot of side effects.

How to treat Ruminant Animal Diseases

The best way to go about handling those diseases that are treatable is to first of all be sure of the diseases itself by doing confirmatory diagnoses. After knowing the disease, adequate and appropriate drug should be applied. However, in disease diagnosis and treatment, assumption should not be made by the farmer

The Best Source of Water for your Ruminant Animals

Hmm, any source of water could be good for the ruminant animals provided that the water is not contaminated, that it is clean and also cool. The water should also not be treated with any form of chemical as this do have negative effects on the performance of the animals. For this

How often your ruminant animals should be served water

In fact, I will strongly recommend that they should have access to water more than they have access to food. Water is very essential and the ruminant animals should not be denied it. Most nomadic Fulani has a particular time when they normally lead their animals towards a water source. This should

Importance of Balanced diets for Ruminant Animals

If you are ruminant farmer, then am sure even as you are reading this that you wondering if there are any special feed that can make your ruminant animals grow very big within a very short period of time. However, if balanced diet can be formulated for your ruminant animals and if

Forage-based diets on dairy farms produce nutritionally enhanced milk

Markedly higher levels of health-promoting fatty acids reported Summary: Researchers have found that cows fed a 100 percent organic grass and legume-based diet produce milk with elevated levels of omega-3 and CLA, and thus provides a markedly healthier balance of fatty acids. The improved fatty acid profile in grass-fed organic milk and

Where to source Ruminant Feeds

Ruminant farmers most times try to find out the recommended place where they can source their feeds. Well as for forages, they are readily available everywhere. However, for concentrates, feed-mills and already existing farmers should be contacted for link. A good feed formula could be got from your consultant in case you

For how long can Ruminant Animals be starved? Find out

Starving animals generally is uncalled for. Each time your animals are starved, they lose more weight than they would have gained during the same period of time. Feeding determines almost everything about them i.e. their growth rate, reproductive performance weight gain etc. so, it is not advisable that they are starved at

How Often Ruminant Animals should be Fed

Ruminants are usually allowed to graze between 10am and 6pm. This would have served them for the day. However, if feeds are served them in their ruminant housing, feeds should be made available ad libitum (i.e. As much as desired by the animals). Feeds is supposed to be available for them at

The ideal Time to Take Ruminants out for Grazing

Find out what is the ideal time to take ruminants out for grazing The ideal time to take them out for grazing is the early hours of the morning preferably any time after 10.00am. This is because it is better to allow sun to rise so that eggs of worms attached to

The ideal feed for ruminants

Feeds, Water and Feeding Ruminants are purely herbivorous; they can survive solely on forages. In addition to forages, concentrates can be made available for them as this improves their general performance. Feeds can be compounded for them based on their nutritional requirements in terms of the purpose for which we are raising

Goat Milk Production

The average lactation period for a dairy goat is 290-305 days. The full sized breeds can produce 6-8 pounds or 3 to 4 quarts of milk per day during their lactation. Dwarf breeds, such as the Nigerian Dwarf produce around 1 to 2 quarts per day if they are from good milking

How Often to Clean a Ruminant Pen

How often should the ruminant pen be cleaned? This is a question of hygiene which is very paramount to the health and general welfare of the animals. It is necessary that housing is swept and the dungs packed daily. However, washing the housing units with soap and water should be done occasionally

Ruminants Grazing Techniques – Suitable Methods

In the course of raising any ruminant animal at all, quarrel must be avoided at all cost. It is not good to graze animals near the people’s farm because they will complain of your cattle for instance destroying their farm lands during grazing therefore first for the sake of good relationship with

Importance of a Sick Bay as part of a Ruminant House

In case you like to know more about what is known as a sick bay, then here is an explanation for you. Among ruminants and even livestock’s generally, since they are raised in a group, it is possible for some to be sick at a time when others are healthy. It is

Security and Bio-Security Measures in a Ruminant Farm

Below are some of the management practices to be carried out to ensure better security on your ruminant farm: thou the answer to this question is multifactoral as the nature of security measures to put in place will be determined by the location of your farm. For instance, how far it is

Stocking Management for Ruminant Animals

Sometimes, ruminant farmers ask: is it advisable for Cattle, Sheep and Goat to be kept in the same housing unit? Well, for better management, keeping them in the same housing unit is not advisable. It is better they are kept separately. At such, handling, disease management, feeds & feeding and all other

Housing Design for Ruminants

The Best Way to Design Ruminants Housing In designing ruminant housing, it is better made of concrete blocks that are raised to a level that will support the weight of the animals. A space should be left in between the block and the roof to allow free circulation of air. The roof

The Space required to embark on Ruminant Farming

As a ruminant farmer, am sure you will like to have an idea of the space you will need to embark on ruminant farming. Well, the space of land that will be needed depends on all that you want to construct on the farm land. For instance, If you want to construct

How far a Ruminant Farm should be from Residential Areas

The distance of a ruminant farm from residential areas depends largely on the type of ruminant being raised and the size of the farm. Sheep and Goat have been raised very close to residential areas without much problem apart from the fact that most of them are usually raised in small number

Getting a better handle on methane emissions from livestock

Cattle, swine and poultry contribute a hefty portion to the average American’s diet, but raising all this livestock comes at a cost to the environment: The industry produces a lot of methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Just how much gas the animals release, however, is the subject of debate. Now, one group

How to Prevent Flies on a Ruminant Farm

The issue of how to prevent flies on a ruminant farm has always been a very big challenge to most ruminant farmers because flies do multiply rapidly where dungs are piled up on the farm. So to prevent this, always maintain good hygiene by ensuring the following measures: Ensure to pack their

How to Introduce New Animals into your Ruminant Farm

Methods of introducing New Farm Animals into your Ruminant Farm Let us discuss how you can handle the introduction of new animals into your ruminant farm Please note that from whatever source they are coming from, it is not advisable that you introduce new animals directly into your ruminant farm because they

The Important Records to keep on your Ruminant Farm

There are many records that you have to keep on your farm among which is Date records which will show the date the animals were purchased, Birth Date which will show when any animal was born, Wean date which shows the date any of your animals was weaned, Death date which will

Signs of Ruminant Animals on Heat

How do I know when my ruminants are on heat? This has been a question commonly asked by ruminant farmers. Well there are some signs that the animal will begin to display when they are on heat which will enable you to understand that they are on heat. It should first of

The Age Different Ruminant Animals get to Heat

The age ruminant animals come to heat largely depends on their management. However, goat and sheep are supposed to come on heat normally after six months while cow should do same after a year. It is usually good to mate them during the second heat because by then, they would have developed

Factors to be considered before purchasing Ruminant Animals

Below are some of the things you should look out for in a ruminant before purchasing them. When you want to purchase a male ruminant for instance, the general health status of the animal must be critically examined. The animals must be free of ectoparasites and any physical deformity. Ruminants with any

Risks in Purchasing a Pregnant Cow

When some farmers ask if I can advice their buying a pregnant cow, well I won’t really say is such a bad idea because you may be lucky the animal may give you a very good result while on the other hand, it may turn out to be a problem. I will

Best Age to Buy Ruminants for Raising

Ruminant Farmers always ask “At what age is best to buy ruminants one intends to raise”? Well the best time to buy them is usually after they are weaned. For cattle, I will recommend any time after 6 months, for sheep and goat, they can be purchased anytime after 2 months. However,

The Reproductive Rate of Sheep and Goat

As a ruminant farmer or an intending ruminant farmer, you need to be well aware of the reproductive rate of any ruminant animal you would like to go into as this will guide and enable you understand exactly what you are actually venturing into and how long it is going to take

How to increase Goats Milk

Goat milks can be increased through carrying out the proper routine farm management practices in your farm, Milk your goats every 12 hours on a regular schedule. Ensure that the milking area is away from the dust of the housing and feed areas. Wash the udder and teats with warm water and

Methods to use in Cross-Breeding Animals

There are generally two methods of cross-breeding as is seen in mating. You can do natural mating or artificial insemination. Under natural mating, you introduce the male you want to use to the female on heat and allow them mate each other. For artificial insemination, you take the semen (sperm) of your

Factors to be considered before Cross-Breeding

First of all, you must have all the qualities you want in your animals in mind and be sure the animals you are crossing can give you those qualities. Also be conscious of the sizes of the breeds of the animals you are crossing so that you will decide appropriately whether to

Disadvantages of Cross-Breeding

Among the disadvantages of cross-breeding is that the natural traits of the parents are not completely transferred to the offspring’s rather, it is shared. For instance: a cow with good milk production cross-bred with the one having good meat production will result in an offspring that will have both good meat and

Advantages of Cross-Breeding

As earlier said on my last article, it helps in improving the qualities of animals being cross-bred. Also, it helps to retain certain desirable traits on the farm. With improved qualities and traits on the farm, the farmer gets more returns on the farm. In addition, if properly done, cross-breeding do confer

All about Cross-Breeding

As the name suggests, Cross-Breeding involves the crossing of one breed of ruminants with another. For example: using the male of one breed to mate the female of another breed. The aim most of the times is to improve the quality of the animals being raised. For instance, an animal may have

Find out which of the Ruminant Breeds is better to raise

The Answer to this question depends on a lot of factors: ranging from First, is the purpose for which the animals are to be raised. For example: is it raised for meat or for milk production? Secondly, is the farmer’s interest or likeness, example: which breed exactly is the farmer interested in

Popular Breeds of Ruminant Animals

Generally, ruminant breed ranges from local breeds to exotic (imported) breeds. The local breed of cattle include: White Fulani, Ndama, Muturu, Sokoto Gudali, Zebu etc. while the exotic breeds include Holstein, Fresian, Brown Swiss, Jersey etc. Breeds of Goat include: West African Dwarf Goat, West African Long-Legged Goat, Red Sokoto, Numibian, Sudan

The Ratio of a Male to Female Ruminants

If you are to raise ruminants for production, it largely depends on the amount you have at hand and the available space you have to use as that is exactly what determines the number with which you can start with. However, a male (1) ruminant will conveniently service ten (10) females. So,

Fattening Ruminants? Find out the Best Sex to Raise

It has been proven that male animals grow faster and bigger than the female animals. Also, it is a reproductive waste to raise female ruminants without allowing them to reproduce. Therefore for fattening program, I will recommend that you raise male only. This is even usually cheaper to purchase and will also