Introduction to Fish Farming

Fish farming is known as pisciculture in the academic world. It is a form of aquaculture involving the farming of aquatic organisms like fish, crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic plants. Fish farming involves raising fish commercially in ponds, tanks or enclosures. There are hundreds of species of fish among which are: sea trout, cyprinids, pangas catfish, freshwater fishes, silver sea bream, common carp, catla, greasy grouper, big head carp, nile tilapia, grass cap etc. but most of them are not suitable for fish farming in Nigeria for instance, either because of…

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Sorting of Catfishes, The importance, How often it should be done and How it is done

In the course of raising fish whatever feed you give them and no matter your kind of management, fish are not likely to row at the same rate. Some will definitely grow faster than the other thus becoming bigger. Most of the time, bigger fishes do feed on the smaller one. So to prevent this, it is therefore necessary to sort your fishes. Sorting involve the process of separating the bigger fishes from the smaller ones. Sorting will also increase market price of your fish because you will have the…

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How to manage waste from a fish farm to avoid causing nuisance to the neighborhood

Fish farming especially on concrete pond will become a nuisance to the neighborhood when the water being released from the pond is producing odor. Also, if the water from the pond is making the environment water-logged, it can become a nuisance and can cause unnecessary quarrel and misunderstandings in the neighborhood. To prevent your fish farm from becoming a nuisance, your farm must be we panned from construction stage so that the water-way will lead directly to a stream or somewhere that will not affect your neighborhood. Also you must…

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I have all the resources to do fish farming and I am highly interested, but marketing and them when they reach maturity is my fear. How do I solve this? Find out

I am happy that you are interested and you have the necessary resource then marketing is not a problem at all. As a beginner, all you need do is to start small, associate with those who have been in the business before and always carry your consultant along. All these will link you up with available marketing your fish most especially if they carried along from the beginning.

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Must I have all the cash needed for fish farming ready before starting it? Find out

Generally, it is advisable that you have enough money to give adequate care to your livestock before embarking on raising them. However that u do not have all cash ready should not discourage you from starting. As long as you know that the rest of the money will be available when needed by the fish, then you can start with 70-75% of the total estimated cost. It is important to note that the amount quote for each fish does not include the cost of constructing the fish pond. The cost…

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Can you give me an estimate of how much I will spend in raising 1,000 fish? Find out

The estimate of how much you will spend on 1,000 fish depends on so many factors. These include the type housing (whether concrete or earthen pond) the type of feeds used (whether important or local) and feeding and all other management procedures. It also depend on the size you want them to reach before harvesting them. However for them to reach an average weight 1kg,you are likely to have spent between 150 and 200 per fish, so, you can multiply this by number of fish you want to produce so…

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I know a place where many earthen ponds have been dug with the aim of renting it to people.is it advisable for me to rent one? Find out

According to your question, it means many of you will have ponds on the same parcel of land. Well, as good as the idea seems the major problem you are going to face there is that of insecurity because making provision for security in such a setting will be too cumbersome. Some of the farmer may also be thieves. From similar experience, it doesn’t work out. The only counsel I can give is that if it is possible for you or at most two of you to rent the whole…

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I want to buy a swampy area mainly for fish farming. What will you advise that I consider before buying it? Find out

It is not all swampy area that will support fish farming during dry season. Some are swampy only in rainy season and as such, may not be the best for fish farming unless you don’t want to be an all year round farmer, So be sure of the state of that land. Also, the security of the area, how easy will it be for water to flow to. you must be sure the place will not be prone to flood during rainy season; otherwise, flood may take all your fish…

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How do I prevent cannibalism in my fish pond? Find out

To prevent cannibalism, avoid overcrowding, put the right number of fishes in the size of pond. Do proper feeding and make sure that there is no sharp disparity in the sizes of fish that you are stocking in the same pond, Also regular sorting of your fishes of similar sizes put together in the same pond.

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I learnt fish do feed on one another. What could be the cause be the cause of this? Find out

Major causes of fish feeding on one another include: overcrowding underfeeding and putting fish of different size together, If your fish of different size together, if your fish pond is overcrowded, the smaller fish will not have enough space to escape predation and so can easily be eaten up by bigger ones. Underfeeding will encourage cannibalism. Naturally, if you put fish of different sizes in the pond, there is this tendency that the bigger will feed on the smaller.

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I have been feeding my fish for the past four months but they never developed, what do you think is responsible for this?

Many things could be responsible, it could be that you are not feeding them properly, the quality of the feed may be poor, and your water management may be defective. Also very importantly, it may be as result of hatchery problem or that the breed in question is not that which will develop well no matter what it is fed with. How do I solve this problem and then prevent such an occurrence? You have to check up with all the possible causes enumerated above and know which one is…

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