Introduction to Plantains and their Environment

Plantains (Musa spp., AAB genome) are plants producing fruits that remain starchy at maturity (Marriot and Lancaster, 1983; Robinson, 1996) and need processing before consumption. Plantain production in Africa is estimated at more than 50% of worldwide production (FAO, 1990). The majority (82%) of plantains in Africa are produced in the area stretching from the lowlands of Guinea and Liberia to the central basin of the Democratic Republic of Congo. West and Central Africa contribute 61 and 21%, respectively (FAO, 1986). It is estimatedthat about 70 million people in West…

Read More

Oil Crops

Oil crops are those types of plants which are grown mainly for the oil they produce. For example: soybeans, canola, avocados, grapes, and almonds. Soybeans, peanuts, sunflowers, and canola are mainly used to produce edible oils. Sunflowers are used to produce sunflower oils, peanuts are used to produce peanut oil (Ground nut oil) which is widely used to fry foods in many countries. Canola is used to produce Canola oil while Soybeans are used to produce Soya bean oil. There are some major oils which are widely edible oil production…

Read More

THE DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE PLANT-CROP PLANT FORMS

1. Shoots: Shoots target the above-ground business of the plant. Very young plants may possess only simple, undeveloped shoots. As a plant grows, however, these tender shoots develop into stems and leaves. So, stems and leaves are really part of the shoot system. Stems and leaves are so different and specialized that it is worth considering them separately. Overall, the shoot system enables a plant to grow taller to gain access to energy-giving light, and allows the plant to convert that light energy into the chemical energy of sugar. Like…

Read More

Classification of Crops

Classification based on life span of crops/duration of crops: 1.1 One seasonal crops: these are the kind of crops that completes its life cycle in one season. E.g. rice, wheat etc. 1.2. Two seasonal crops: these are those kind crops that complete its life in two seasons. E.g. Cotton, turmeric, gingers 1.3. Annual crops: these are crops that require one full year to complete its life cycle. They complete their life cycle once in a year or a growing season; and during this period, the vegetative and reproductive stages are…

Read More

Crop Plant Forms

1. Monocotyledonous crops: these are   E.g. All cereals & Millets, They usually have narrow and long leaves and they include certain families of grasses: orchids and lilies. Palms e.g. coconut palm, oil palm, raffia palm, and royal palm are the common trees in this group. Maize, guinea corn, millet, rice and wheat are the food crops in this group of plants. Sugar cane is also in this group and it is industrial. 2. Dicotyledonous crops: these are crops that have two cotyledons in the seed. e.g. all legumes &…

Read More

Crop Storage Methods

There are basically two methods of storage: in bags and in bulk. Bags can be stored either in the open air or in warehouses; bulk grain is stored in bins or silos of various capacities. a) Drying Cribs Drying crib can be used for a storage barn but it is too dangerous to leave the grain exposed to insects, birds, and other pests in order to avoid that, when the grain is dry it should be moved to a better storage place. b) Bag Storage Bag storage is a very…

Read More

How to Grow Wheat – Beginners Guide

Wheat (Triticum Aestivum) is one of the world’s most important food crops. It is believed that wild relatives of wheat first grew in the Middle East. Wheat was among the first plants to be cultivated. It was grown about 11,000 years ago and by 4,000 B.C. wheat farming spread to Asia, Europe and North Africa. New species of wheat were also later developed then only the best wheat qualities were passed from one generation to the next. Soon wheat became an important worldwide crop Growing Guide Wheat’s can be planted…

Read More

How to Grow Ginger – Beginners Guide

Nigeria is one of the top producers of ginger in the world. In the Nigerian market ginger is well known and on high demand even though it is quite expensive. Kaduna State stands as the highest producer of the crop while states like Gombe, Bauchi, Benue, Nassarawa among others are major producers of the crop. In the market, ginger is available in various forms; fresh ginger rhizome, powder ginger and dry ginger rhizome. Ginger is well known in many human communities around the world. It is the underground rhizome of…

Read More

10 Scientific Based Health Benefits of Moringa You Need to Know About!!

The highly nutritious profile of Moringa plant, its powerful anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and tissue-protective properties among many other health benefits has started making moringa togain more attension recently. Moringa oleifera, which can also be called any of the following names,: horseradish tree, ben tree, or drumstick tree, is a small tree from India, Pakistan, and Nepal that has been used for generations in Eastern countries to treat and prevent diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, anemia, arthritis, liver disease, and respiratory, skin, and digestive disorders. Moringa has become very popular as…

Read More

Different Types of Garlic

Garlic (Allium sativum) which is originated from Central Asia is a cool-weather perennial plant commonly planted in the cool of autumn or in early spring. Garlic, which is often classified as an herb is grown from cloves selected from medium to large bulbs, called heads, harvested the season before. You can plant cloves from garlic heads purchased at a grocery store or farm market as long as they have not been treated to prevent sprouting. Garlic has solid, narrow, strap-shaped stalks that can grow 12 to 24 inches tall and…

Read More

General Management Practices for Watermelon

For a successful watermelon production, a lot of care must be taken in order to achieve that. Some of the management practices which enables the proper growth and production of watermelon includes: Quality Seeds The quality of the seed used for planting is the most crucial factor as the other factors are based on this. The rate of germination and production yield of your watermelon farm is largely dependent on the type and quality of the seed planted. Therefore you are always encouraged to purchase only high quality seeds for…

Read More

18 Shocking Health Benefits of Fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis) “Ugu Leaves”

Fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis) Popularly known as “Ugu” is one of the commonly consumed vegetables in Nigeria, especially in the eastern part of Nigeria and without knowing its health benefits, many of us eat ugu on daily basis . Therefore I decided that it is necessary for us to discuss some of the health benefits of our dear “Ugu” vegetables below according to Study: Do you know that “Ugu” leaf contains a healthy amount of vitamins including; Vitamin A, Vitamin B1 (thiamine), Vitamin B2 (riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (nicotinamide), and even…

Read More