Coccidiosis Disease, Symptoms and Prevention

Coccidiosis disease affects chicks at an early age between 3 – 4weeks old or more depending on the type involved. Symptoms: Chicks affected by coccidiosis disease will always close their eyes with feathers flying over and will not be able to feed or drink well as usual. There may also be bloody droppings, pale comb and ceasation of egg production in layers. Prevention:  Poultry farmers should ensure that litter are dried at all times. There should not be spillage of water on the floor. see also: Newcastle Disease, Symptoms and…

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Newcastle Disease, Symptoms and Prevention

Newcastle disease has for several years been recognized as a leading cause of loss to poultry farmers, it’s deadly to birds. In laying birds, Newcastle disease may cause a temporary stoppage of egg production lasting 4-6weeks. Symptoms: These symptoms are usual in chicks and adult birds for instance: gasping, coughing and rattling in the windpipe, followed in 1 or 2days by characteristic nervous symptoms such as paralysis of legs or wings, twisting of head and neck. On post mortem examination, there is nothing to differentiate Newcastle disease form other respiratory…

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Gumboro Disease, Symptoms and Prevention

Gumboro Disease threatens poultry farmers mostly because it is a killer type of disease. It is an acute infectious disease that is common with chicks of 3-6 weeks old. Gumboro disease disturbs the growth of broilers in most severe manners. Symptoms: Birds infected with Gumboro disease would not be able to feed well and start to pass out watery whitish diarrhea. The feathers would become ruffled and appear very sluggish. Prevention:  To prevent the outbreak of Gumboro disease, you must make sure that you improve your sanitary measures by disinfecting…

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Tomato Russet Mite

Botanical Name: Aculops lycopersici Crops it affects: Tomato Description: this is a small mite, invisible with naked eye which attacks the green part of the plant Symptoms and Damage Some of the symptoms that are being displayed by the plants when being affected by this disease include:   Leaves turn yellow and dry from the top Brown areas appear on stem Attacked fruits have a cracked aspect and keep a small size Damage prevention They can be prevented through the following means: Favor sprinkling irrigation on leaves Apply specific and…

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Pulpy Kidney Disease in Goats: Symptoms and Prevention Control Measures

Pulpy Kidney Disease in Goats: Symptoms and Prevention Control Measures

This disease is caused by bacteria that often exist within the sheep’s intestine but only cause disease symptoms under certain circumstances such as a change of grazing, exhaustion, sudden dietary changes and dosing with dewormers. The bacteria in the intestine produce a toxin (poison) which results in death. It’s symptoms vary as sometimes the goats are found dead while at other times, they either: (1) appear exhausted, show paralysis and a loss of consciousness and may have labored breathing, salivation and diarrhoea or (2) have nervous symptoms with convulsions, accompanied…

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Tetanus Disease in Goats: Symptoms and Prevention Control Measures

Tetanus Disease in Goats: Symptoms and Prevention Control Measures

Tetanus is a disease that causes stiffness that leads to paralysis and then death. This fatal disease occurs as a result of a wound becoming infected by bacteria commonly found in soil and faeces. Therefore, animals are at high risk when using the elastic band method of castration as this makes a wound. The disease is preventable by using the appropriate vaccine at the right time or as recommended by an expert. Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment Some of the basic signs and symptoms may include but not limited to the…

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Leafhopper or Jassid – Symptoms and Damage Prevention

This is an insect that affects crops like Egg plant and Okro. It is a very vivacious little green insect which jumps and sucks the sap by biting the under side of leaves. Insect can attack both at larval and mature stage while the young plants are more sensitive. Adult leafhoppers are (2 to 3 mm long) and thin. The wings are held roof like over the abdomen. They are pale green to yellowish green in color, shiny and more or less transparent. The legs are slender with bristles. The…

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Cercospora Leaf Spot – Symptoms and Damage Prevention

Family: Mycosphaerellaceae This is a fungus disease that affects crops like eggplant, hot pepper, sweet pepper, carrots, okro, Sugar beet, beet root, roses, shrubs.This fungus symptoms can occur primarily on foliage, petiole and stem lesions develop when conditions are highly favorable. It can be stored in crop residues and spread by wind, insects , water etc. Life Cycle Cercospora leaf spot can be caused by many different Cercospora fungal pathogen species depending on the plant type infected. For example, Cercospora beticola infects sugar beets whereas Cercospora rosicola infects rose plants.…

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Leaf Miner – It’s Symptoms and Damage Prevention

Leaf Miner (Liriomyza spp) affects all species of crops. It is a black and yellow fly, it lays eggs in the leaves. Maggots later emerge from the eggs and dig mines on the leaf surface. Larvae fall out to change into pupa from which will get out and transform into adult and all these leads to plant loss if the pest attacks at an early stage of the crop. Symptoms and Damage It develops the presence of white marks on the leaf surface. Damage Prevention Install insect-proof nets to protect…

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Powdery Midew – Symptoms and Disease Control

Powdery Midew is a type of crop disease which affects crops like Carrot, Cucumber, Okro, Tomato, Hot pepper, Sweet pepper, etc. This fungus brings out a white powder on older leaves from the bottom lower and elder leaves through the youngest at the top of the plant. It is favored by a very high relative humidity and large temperatures variations between day and night and is spread by the wind. Symptoms and Damage Some of its symptoms include the following: Formation of a white powdery film on the leaves. Leaves…

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Gray Leaf Spot (Stemphylium spp) – Symptoms and Damage Control

It is a fungus which induces small spots on leaves and stems. It can spread quickly by rain and irrigation. It affects crops like Eggplant, Hot pepper, Sweet pepper and Tomato. Symptoms and Damage It affects the leaflet with several brown-red specks with angular shape and surrounded by a yellow area. The center turns grey and pierces itself. Leaves turn yellow and can fall. In same case, elongated spots can appear on young stems. Fruits are not affected. Damage Prevention Remove all crop residues and weed the parcel. Avoid overhead…

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