Leafhopper or Jassid – Symptoms and Damage Prevention

This is an insect that affects crops like Egg plant and Okro. It is a very vivacious little green insect which jumps and sucks the sap by biting the under side of leaves. Insect can attack both at larval and mature stage while the young plants are more sensitive. Adult leafhoppers are (2 to 3 mm long) and thin. The wings are held roof like over the abdomen. They are pale green to yellowish green in color, shiny and more or less transparent. The legs are slender with bristles. The…

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Cercospora Leaf Spot – Symptoms and Damage Prevention

Family: Mycosphaerellaceae This is a fungus disease that affects crops like eggplant, hot pepper, sweet pepper, carrots, okro, Sugar beet, beet root, roses, shrubs.This fungus symptoms can occur primarily on foliage, petiole and stem lesions develop when conditions are highly favorable. It can be stored in crop residues and spread by wind, insects , water etc. Life Cycle Cercospora leaf spot can be caused by many different Cercospora fungal pathogen species depending on the plant type infected. For example, Cercospora beticola infects sugar beets whereas Cercospora rosicola infects rose plants.…

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Leaf Miner – It’s Symptoms and Damage Prevention

Leaf Miner (Liriomyza spp) affects all species of crops. It is a black and yellow fly, it lays eggs in the leaves. Maggots later emerge from the eggs and dig mines on the leaf surface. Larvae fall out to change into pupa from which will get out and transform into adult and all these leads to plant loss if the pest attacks at an early stage of the crop. Symptoms and Damage It develops the presence of white marks on the leaf surface. Damage Prevention Install insect-proof nets to protect…

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Powdery Midew – Symptoms and Disease Control

Powdery Midew is a type of crop disease which affects crops like Carrot, Cucumber, Okro, Tomato, Hot pepper, Sweet pepper, etc. This fungus brings out a white powder on older leaves from the bottom lower and elder leaves through the youngest at the top of the plant. It is favored by a very high relative humidity and large temperatures variations between day and night and is spread by the wind. Symptoms and Damage Some of its symptoms include the following: Formation of a white powdery film on the leaves. Leaves…

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Gray Leaf Spot (Stemphylium spp) – Symptoms and Damage Control

It is a fungus which induces small spots on leaves and stems. It can spread quickly by rain and irrigation. It affects crops like Eggplant, Hot pepper, Sweet pepper and Tomato. Symptoms and Damage It affects the leaflet with several brown-red specks with angular shape and surrounded by a yellow area. The center turns grey and pierces itself. Leaves turn yellow and can fall. In same case, elongated spots can appear on young stems. Fruits are not affected. Damage Prevention Remove all crop residues and weed the parcel. Avoid overhead…

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