Foot-and-Mouth disease in Cattle: Causes and Symptoms

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a severe, highly contagious viral disease of cattle and swine. It also affects sheep, goats, deer, and other cloven-hooved ruminants. FMD is not recognised as a zoonotic disease. The disease spreads very quickly if not controlled and because of this is a reportable disease. Causes: The disease is caused by a virus of which there are seven ‘types’, each producing the same symptoms, and distinguishable only in the laboratory. Immunity to one type does not protect an animal against other types. The interval between exposure to…

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The Life-Span of Ruminant Animals

This implies how long ruminant animals can live before they die naturally. Well, being food animals, it is difficult to predict this because almost all of the time they are not allowed to reach its full age before they are being slaughtered. Therefore, knowing their life span may be difficult. However, I have seen sheep and Goat of five years and Cattle of fifteen years before. See also: Goats eating Nylon and What you should do

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Goats eating Nylon and What you should do

Of recent I got a question from a ruminant farmer that says “I discovered that my Goat ate a lot of nylon and is now very sick. What can I do? Well most of the time, animals that eat nylon usually die. The only option is surgery with which the nylon can be brought out of the animal. The reason why most farmers hardly do this is because of the cost of surgical operation most of the time higher than the cost of the animal itself. Lolz! However, if the…

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How to identify poisoned ruminant animals and how to tackle it

There are many signs that may show that an animal is poisoned. These signs depend on the type of poison and the extend of poisoning. In severe cases, the animal may just die suddenly without any previous sign. At other times, the animal may how in like vomiting, diarrhea, and may foam before eventually death if left unattended to. How to tackle it: This depends on the nearness of your consultant. If he/she is very near, you can call on the person for an appropriate attention. However, some first aids…

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How to castrate Ruminant Male Animals, the Risks involved and How to tackle it at the best age

Benefits of Castration: First and foremost, let us start by discussing the benefits of castrating your male ruminant animals. There are two major reasons why castration is done: First is to prevent the male from involving in mating activities with the female and secondly, to make the animal get fattened up on time. It is beneficial because the castrated male animal will then make use of all of its energy on building muscles and not for sexual activities which is a plus in fattening also, in case a male animal…

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