The Origin of Cultivated Crops

The Origin of Cultivated Crops

All cultivated plants were domesticated from their wild species. However, the exact time and place of origin and the true ancestry of many crops are still as highly speculative as the origin of man. Man has domesticated some crop species that met his needs before the dawn of recorded history. Most of the domesticated crops were introduced into new areas far from their centers of origin by migrating human populations in prehistoric as well as in recorded times. As a result, both indigenous and introduced crops are grown everywhere in…

Read More

Historical Development of Crop Production

Historical Development of Crop Production

Early man lived on wild game, leaves, roots, seeds, berries, and fruits. As the population increased, the supply was not always sufficiently stable or plentiful to supply his needs. This probably led to the practice of crop production. Therefore, crop production began at least nine thousand (9000) years ago when domestication of plants became essential to supplement natural supplies in certain localities. The art of crop production is older than civilization, and its essential features have remained almost unchanged since the dawn of history. These features are: Gathering and preservation…

Read More

Effects of Altitude and Soil Condition on Animal Production

Effects of Altitude and Soil Condition on Animal Production

Altitude refers to height of a place over relative to the sea levels which is usually measured in meters. Three plateaux in Nigeria exhibit micro-climatic conditions that differ slightly from the general tropical environment in terms of relatively lower ambient temperature, temperate vegetation and sometimes precipitation. This distinct condition confers on the Obudu Hill, Jos and Mambilla Plateau temperate like micro- environment on these places located within the tropical Nigeria climate. As such, production of cattle ( dairy cow or beef cattle ) and other livestock may take the semblance…

Read More

Indirect Effects of Climate on Animal Production

Indirect Effects of Climate on Animal Production

Effects of the climatic environment on animal production, biotic agents, nutrition including the influence on animal feed supply and animal feed store or quality may be regarded as indirect effect that does not bear on immediate conduct of the animal but on its environment. For example: Climatic Environment Effect on Feed Supply Climatic environment affects the quantity and quality of feed available to the animal. Temperature , Precipitation , Daylight and Humidity limit plant growth and affect feed quality more drastically than other climatic factors. In humid and sub humid…

Read More

Strategies for Advancing Animal Production in Nigeria

Agriculture

Animal production is defined as an aspect of agriculture which in itself is the science and art of production crop, animal and fibre products for human use. Just as in wider agricultural activities, animal production depends on art (or traditional) and scientific principles in practice and theory. Currents level of progress has indicated that scientific applications tend to be more amenable to meet present and future targets for animal product in many food and agriculture organization . The demand and usefulness of animal product for human health and survival economic…

Read More

Brief History and Roles of Animal Production in Nigeria

animal production

Some category of Animals that falls into animal production include but not limited to the following: poultry production, pig production or swine production, dairy animals and many more. Also to achieve good return from your animals, proper feeding methods of animal feed should also be applied using the types of animal feeds like poultry feed, goat feed, pig food or pig feed, broiler feed, cattle feed etc. and you can also produce your farm animal feed by yourself to save cost and retain higher profit margin on your farm investment.…

Read More

Complete Step By Step Guide on How to Setup a Successful Farm

Complete Step By Step Guide on How to Setup a Successful Farm

Every farmer’s dream is to be successful in his/her farming operations and to make profit through them. Meanwhile, not a lot of farmers tend to achieve this because of certain factors we are going to be discussing about today. As an existing farmer or intending farmer, your main aim and objective when trying to venture into farming business or currently operating a farming business is for you to be successful at whatever crops or animals you produce and farm. Now let us look at those factors that hinders the progress…

Read More

Silage Production for Livestock

Silage Production for Livestock

Definition: Silage is the process of preservation of chaffed green fodder in anaerobic condition (no air inside the pit/bank/ tube) by way of fermentation method. The fodder should have good sugar content and required moisture to prepare good feeds as sugar is utilized in fermentation process to make lactic acid by microorganisms. Cereal green fodder crops like maize, Napier, sugarcane tops are most suitable for making silage. Other leguminous crops like alafalafa, lablab are also suitable for making silage. The following points should be kept in mind before harvesting green…

Read More

Importance of Mineral Licking Blocks in Livestock

Importance of Mineral Licking Blocks in Livestock

Mineral Blocks are essential vitamins which contains salt, essential macro and micro trace elements including calcium and phosphorus. It also contains added vitamins required for optimum performance for use in all breeds and ages of cattle, goats and sheep. Salt and minerals are important for the improvement of appetite, growth rate, milk production, and the prevention of diseases and infertility in animals. Below are some of the trace elements found in mineral links: Salt, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, E4 copper, E5 manganese, E6 zinc, E1 iron, E2 iodine, vitamin A, vitamin…

Read More

Recommended Pastures for your Livestock Grazing

Recommended Pastures for your Livestock Grazing

The most important constraints to improve livestock production. For instance: Dairy, Beef and Goat, Piggery and Poultry Production are also related to Animal Nutrition. Most plant species sown for pastures usually belong to one of the two plant groups: Legumes and grasses. Legumes are plants with flowers like Caliandra which produce their seeds in pods compared to grasses like Napier that have compound leaves with three or more broad, rounded leaflets. Most legumes have tap roots that are able to obtain water from deeper in the soils than the roots…

Read More