How to control Cassava Diseases and Pests

Pests and diseases are the major reasons why many agribusinesses fail. They increase the loss of cassava which should have contributed to your overall profit. The major pests and diseases of cassava are: 1. Thrips and Mites: Can be controlled using a recommended miticide and Insect Growth Regulators. These pests are prevalent during dry periods and decreases as rainfall increases. 2. African cassava mosaic virus: The African cassava mosaic virus causes the leaves of the cassava plant to wither. When such withering occurs, it limits the growth of the root.…

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Unknown Amazing Benefits of Planting Cassava

Cassava has many uses and its uses cuts across several production industries. Cassava has gained wide usage in industries for the production of paper, ethanol, pharmaceuticals, biofuels, starch, and flour. Nowadays, cassava flour is being encouraged to be used in the production of bread, doughnuts and other confectioneries. Cassava can also be processed into fufu and ‘garri’; a popular food among many Nigerians. Not only is the root of cassava important for the production of food, but its leaves can also be used as a vegetable for soup or as…

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A Comprehensive Guide on How to Plant Cassava

Cassava (Manihot Esculenta) is the third-largest source of food carbohydrates in the tropics after rice and maize. In this post, we will highlight the comprehensive guide on how to start a cassava farm. According to Wikipedia, the origin of cassava can be traced back to West-central Brazil where it was likely first domesticated no more than 10,000 years BP. It was however introduced to Africa by Portuguese traders from Brazil in the 16th century. Today, Nigeria ranks first position as the world largest producer of cassava. This is followed by…

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FEED FORMULATION AND FEEDING TROUGH FOR SNAILS

FORMULATED FEEDS This is the combination or mixture of two or more feed ngredients(maize, groundnut cake, fish meal, soy bean meal, oyster shell, and bone meal) at different proportions to meet the particular need (growth, maintenance, reproduction) of a specific animal using locally available feed resources at lowest possible cost. BENEFITS OF USING FORMULATED FEED It improves performance of the snail. It can be used to meet the specific requirement of the animal. It can be easily measured. It saves time and energy. It is good for  commercial production of…

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EFFECTS OF SNAIL FARMING (DOMESTICATED) ON THE ENVIRONMENT.

All you need to know about Archatina Marginata Breed of Snail

Air Pollution: •        If the management practices are not strictly followed, there could be atmospheric pollution as a result of dead snail not removed from the pen. Dead snail has very offensive odour. It is more offensive than poultry droppings odour. The offensive odour could lead to diarrhea or cholera in man if not properly checked. Soil Pollution: •        The soil could be polluted if the pen is not well managed. If the soil inside the pen is not removed or turned regularly the soil may be polluted as a…

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DISEASE PREVENTION IN SNAIL FARMING

  Signs of ill health: •        The snail will fail to eat i.e. •        . Loss of appetite. •        The snail will be inactive. •        There will be loss of weight. •        No ensalivation of the fleshy part(foot) . •        Dryness of the fleshy part. •        Nodules may be formed on the surface of the snail. •        The foot or fleshy part withdraws into the shell PREDISPOSITION FACTORS OR CAUSATIVE AGENTS: •        Adverse environmental condition: •        Insufficient shading and mulching •        Overcrowding: •        Nutrition: •        Poison: •        Pathogen •        Use…

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CARCASS ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT BREEDS OF SNAIL

Parameter A. marginata A. achatina A. fulica Limicolaria spp Mean Liveweight (G) 285.0 162.0 23.88 8.40 Weight Of The Foot 112.2 59.91 9.34 2.62 Weight Of The Shell (G) 72.68 41 5.47 2.03 Weight Of The Visceral  (G) 62.43 35.28 4.98 1.95 Dressing percentage (%) 39.36 36.98 39.11 31.19 Shell/Live-weight % 25.50 25.5 22.91 24.16 VISCERAL / LIVE WEIGHT (%) 21.91 21.78 20.69 23.21 TABLE 1. PROXIMATE COMPOSITION OF GALS (A. MARGINATA VAR. SATURALIS) X Proximate composition (%) White-skinned eggs Black-skinned eggs Meat** Moisture Content 60.00 ± 2.18 59.94 ±…

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Goat Breeds for Milk

Goats are one of the most popular animals which are being raised for the purpose of milk and meat production. There are different breeds of goats with each breed having a different meat and milk production rate. In order to get the most out of your goats, the right breed must be considered. Breeds of Goats can be classified according to their purposes i.e. for milk and for meat. First we will discuss the different breeds of goat for milk production below: Goat Breeds for Milk Goat milk contains less…

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Thinning of Plantain Suckers

Unlike those of most other bananas, plantain suckers develop very slowly. After harvest, all suckers start to grow at the same time and most have to be eliminated to stop competition. The tallest is left to guarantee the follow up and maintain the density. Thinning usually has to be repeated a month later, as new suckers will have emerged by that time. Suckers are thinned with a machete. The sucker pseudo stem is cut off near its corm and the point of the machete is twisted in the growing tip,…

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