What is feed mill? Feed mill is a concept that deals with the science of combining different/available animals consumable raw materials in a proportion suitable to animals to enhance balanced rations.
Types of poultry feed mash are:
Chick feed mash
Grower feed mash
Layer feed mash
Broiler starter feed mash
Broiler finisher feed mash
Turkey starter feed mash
Turkey finisher feed mash
Formulation of Rations
Chicks feed-mash has 20% crude proteins, 2640 energy kcal,1.0% of calcium, 0.35% phosphorous, 3.5% fat and 7.5% fiber.
Grower feed-mash are with 16% crude proteins, 2450 energy kcal, 1.0% calcium, 0.35% phosphorous, 3.7% fat and 5% fiber.
Layer feed-mash are with 16.5% crude proteins, 2500 energy kcal, 3.5% calcium, 0.45% phosphorous, 3.7% fat and 7.5% fiber.
Turkey feed-mash: also have the starter and finisher. With the starter feed-mash having a higher protein percentage when compared to broiler starter feed-mash while turkey finisher feed-mash has a bit higher energy level when compared to broiler finisher feed-mash composition.
In a simpler language: Maize, Sorghum, and Cassava chips account for about 40-50% of all feed formulation and often regarded as bulk.
Wheat offal, palm kernel cake, rice bran, spent grains or corn offal always account for about 15-30% and these are called filler.
Bone meal and Oyster shell account for 3.4% in small poultry while bigger ones require 2.5% and 3.5% respectively except for laying birds needing 10%.
blood meal and fish meal are needed more by small birds at about 3.5% while larger birds will take 1-3.5% vitamins and minerals.
Other minerals will only be 0.25%-4%, all these other minerals are regarded as concentrate.
Carbohydrate, Protein and Mineral Sources
Carbohydrate sources: Sorghum
Protein Sources: Fish meal
Soya beans meal
Groundnut cake meal
Cotton seeds meal
Mineral Sources: Oyster shell
Roughage’s: Rice bran
Brewers spent grains