Poultry Feed-mill and Formulation of Rations

Broiler Finisher Mash Feed Formula

What is feed mill? Feed mill is a concept that deals with the science of combining different/available animals consumable raw materials in a proportion suitable to animals to enhance balanced rations. Types of poultry feed mash are: Chick feed mash Grower feed mash Layer feed mash Broiler starter feed mash Broiler finisher feed mash Turkey starter feed mash Turkey finisher feed mash Formulation of Rations Chicks feed-mash has 20% crude proteins, 2640 energy kcal,1.0% of calcium, 0.35% phosphorous, 3.5% fat and 7.5% fiber. Grower feed-mash are with 16% crude proteins,…

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Introduction and Establishment of a poultry feed mill production

You must make available Land space of about a plot is of utmost importance with a warehouse of about 50-70m at least 10m high. A one house crusher and half one hour mixer, a bag closer, one 10kg. Movable scale will be indispensable and not forgetting to mention a 50kva standby Generator to counter the erratic power supply. In addition to the above, a working capital will be needed for raw materials and labor. Wheat, Sorghum and Cassava chips can account for 45% of the feed formulation While Wheat offal,…

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Nutritional Deficiency and How it affects Birds

Nutritional deficiency can only occur when feed feed producers fail to ensure balanced rations for birds. In this case, most of vital vitamins required for birds to grow well, healthy and maintain high production of eggs would not be present such as Pyridoxine B6, Inositol, Vitamins A.D3.D etc. As a result of this, some unexpected defects are bound to occur and these include paralysis of legs, wings, poor egg production and slow growth may occur. Prevention: To prevent this situation, the feed producers are advised to always supply poultry farmers…

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Feeding Methods for Birds

Feed mash should be supplied to the birds twice daily. For instance: once in the morning and once in the afternoon. To prevent wastage of feed mash, feeders should be filled to ⅓ of the total depth and care should be taken also that water troughs or gutters are level, unpunctured and clean. Food for birds: The types of food birds feed on differ as they grow in age and these are: Chick feed mash: is used for chicks as from a “day old” (D.O.C.) to 8weeks old when chicks…

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Litter Management

Litter is a material used as bedding for poultry or to absorb their droppings such as wood shaving, Groundnut husks, Broken Maize cobs etc. litter insulates and help to keep the house dry. Since it is an insulator, it keeps the chicks from the otherwise hard, moist cold floor. Litter should then be looked after regularly to keep it dry, loose and free from being moldy. It should be stirred always preferably every other day, caked and wet litter should be removed. Quantity of litter required for the chicks is…

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All About Coccidiosis in poultry and How to tackle it

Coccidiosis is an intestinal disease that occurs when a microscopic parasitic organism (called a protozoa) attaches itself to the intestinal lining of a chicken. It damages the tissue of the gut, causing bleeding (which can be evident in their droppings), prevents the chicken from absorbing nutrients and creates an environment in which bacteria can thrive. Basically it’s bad news for chickens. Younger chickens (under six months) are more at risk as they haven’t yet had time to develop their natural immunity, however adult birds can also become affected. All chickens…

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All About Eggs

Egg Definition: Ovum or female reproductive body of multi-cellular animals, particularly the complex structure produced by birds, reptiles and certain mammals that matures outside the body of the parent. Egg consist of protoplasm, the germ, tread and yolk from which animal develops. The flesh of eggs are used as food and all eggs have some form of protective coating, either a shell or a covering membrane. The structure and development of eggs of different species vary with the conditions under which the egg is produced and matures. Animal which deposit…

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Poultry Terms and Meanings

Below are some of the basic poultry terms and terminologies you need to be aware of: Terminologies Meaning Chicks Both male and female birds of one day old (D.O) to 6-8weeks old. Growers Both male and female birds of 8-12weeks old Pullets Female birds that are less than 20weeks old Cockerels Male birds that are less than 20weeks old Hens Female birds that are above 20weeks old Broilers Young birds raised for table meat Poultry Domesticated birds kept for eating (meat and eggs) Flocks Group of birds or animals Capon…

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Poultry Records Keeping Books, Types and it’s Benefits

For the good managements of poultry keeping, farmers are advised to update all records books accordingly. In case of a busy poultry farmer who hardly find time to record or go through the books, he must employ someone to do this task for him/her because it helps the farmer keep the track of everything that is going on among the birds and the farm at large. Types of Poultry Records Farm Records Egg records Stock records Selling records Financial records Mortality records Poultry Record Board Below is an example of…

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Poultry Vaccination/Medication Program, Dosage and Position/Method of Administration

Guidelines for The First 7 Days of Brooding Day-Old Chicks

Vaccination/Medication Dosage Position/Method of Administration Newcastle Disease Vaccine Intra Ocular (I/o) 200 Dose vial to be dissolved in 10ml of saline and administered at 0.2ml per bird. Instill one drop in each open eye of the chicks. This vaccine can also be given in drinking water. Newcastle Disease (Lasota) 200 dose vial to be dissolved in 2 liters of chlorine free drinking water 10ml of saline and administered at 0.2ml per bird. administer the vaccine in cool chlorine free drinking water. This vaccine can also be given as eye drop.…

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Reasons why Catfish becomes Restless inside the pond: Signs, Causes and Control

Most times some catfish farmers complain that they got to their pond and discovered that the fishes were rubbing their bodies against the wall of the pond. Well the common cause of this is when fish are having skin disease or when their water has become too dirty. From practical experience, dirty and turbid water is usually responsible for this. Commonly, if it is due to dirty water, changing the water immediately will make the condition subside. In the case of water get bad faster, there are three major things…

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Things to do to make your catfish grow faster within a short period of time

Most times, some fish farmers ask if I can recommend any drug that can make their catfish grow faster within a short period of time. Well, I will not like to recommend the use of drug in aiding fish growth but will rather prefer giving you tips on some good management practices that can enable your fish grow faster especially with regards to feeding the fish with high quality feed of enough quantity. Do regular sorting to reduce competition that may affect the growth of some fishes. These will help…

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