Poultry External Parasites and Control Measures

Poultry parasites obtain their food from either the skin or feathers of living birds and they draw blood with the aid of the hook on the head. Various parasites like lice, mites and ticks are common in poultry.

Lice: Parasites like lice are commonly found among birds of various types. The largest out of more than 30 species of lice do not measure more than 1/3inch long and with this size, they can move very fast on the skin of host birds.

With a pair of lice, more than 10,000 can be produced within a short period of time and their life cycle can be completed within 2-4 weeks firmly clicked to the host’s skin or feathers.

Mites: Mites are extremely small and not visible to the eyes. Several kinds of mites suck blood, cause irritations, promote growth of scar tissue, feather loss and even possibly internal damage. There is evidence that mites carry infectious diseases.

Ticks: Ticks are uncommon problem but sometimes occur in warm and dry climates. They cause loss of blood, low egg production and carriers of several germs. Ticks bite may cause paralysis of legs and wings.

It is easy to recognize being about 1/3 – 1/4inch long, having a flat egg shaped body and reddish brown color. Young birds suffer greatest damage from ticks.

Preventive Measures

External parasites can be prevented or controlled by mixing 4 teaspoon of Marathon insecticide or Vetox 85 insecticide into a bucket of water, sink each bird inside the bucket containing the mixed water excluding the head. You can use any other insecticide for this exercise.

After completing this exercise, you must maintain strict sanitary measures for the benefit of the birds and poultry farmers themselves.

See also: Worm infection among Poultry Birds: Types, Causes, Prevention Control and Treatment

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