The plant as a clock – Do you know that Plants can tell the time using sugars?

The plant as a clock (Credit: Cleverson Matiolli) A new study by an international team of scientists, including the University of Bristol, has discovered that plants adjust their daily circadian rhythm to the cycle of day and night by measuring the amount of sugars in their cells. Plants, animals, fungi and some bacteria can estimate the time of day through their circadian rhythms. These rhythms are regulated by an internal ‘circadian clock’, and how these clocks operate is a topic of importance for both agriculture and medicine. For example, changes…

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Foot-and-Mouth disease in Cattle: Causes and Symptoms

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a severe, highly contagious viral disease of cattle and swine. It also affects sheep, goats, deer, and other cloven-hooved ruminants. FMD is not recognised as a zoonotic disease. The disease spreads very quickly if not controlled and because of this is a reportable disease. Causes: The disease is caused by a virus of which there are seven ‘types’, each producing the same symptoms, and distinguishable only in the laboratory. Immunity to one type does not protect an animal against other types. The interval between exposure to…

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Piglets Management

The first few hours of the life of a piglet are very important. What you do to the piglet in those hours will determine it’s survival. – provide a warm housing for piglets (obviously namuimona imbaula pa conner) – Keep the creep box clean and provide heating. Temperatures of about 20 degrees + (keeping them warm and clean, prevents the stubborn diseases that eliminates them: pneumonia and diarrhea. – Make sure piglets have access to colostrum (the first milk) which provides them with the required immune system. – cut the…

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COLD WEATHER POULTRY DISEASES AND HOW TO MANAGE THEM

The following diseases are prevalent during the rainy season: Infectious Bursal Disease (Gumboro): A viral infection that mostly affects immature birds aged between three and 18 weeks targeting the bursal component of the immune system resulting in immuno-suppression and susceptibility to secondary infections. Chickens may exhibit severe prostration, inc-ordination, watery diarrhoea, soiled vent feathers, vent picking, and inflammation of the cloaca. Highly contagious with flock morbidity of typically 100 per cent, and mortality can range from 5–20 per cent. Unfortunately, there is no effective treatment for this disease, therefore, depopulation…

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The possible market outlet for Table Fishes

Fishes can be sold to the middle women and men that will re-sell; it can also be sold to restaurants and pepper soup joints. Arrangements can be made with big eateries where continental dishes are served. Importation is also a possibility depending on the capacity of your fish farm. In a nutshell, fish is consumed by the vast majority and you are sure of having your fish disposed anytime they are ready for sell. It is also advisable that some fish farmers associations within your localities for possible linking with…

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CONSIDERATIONS IN CONSTRUCTING A POULTRY HOUSE

  The purpose is to protect the birds from dogs, cats, snakes, rats and other pests and thieves and to keep out mice, rats and birds from eating valuable poultry feed and transmitting disease. Basic requirements for the building are: • it is rain proof • it protects poultry from direct sunlight • it is not subject to flooding • it is wild bird proof. • it has enough space • it is easy to clean out • it has a solid door with a lock Positioning of the house…

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4 Ways of caring for a Fruit Tree

1) Decide how to prune: If you want the tree to produce fruiting branches low to the ground, you can prune it to knee height and cut back the side branches to one or two buds. This will direct the tree’s energy to producing low branches at the cuts you made. On the other hand, you can lop off the bottom branches if you’d prefer the tree not to have branches low to the ground. 2) Protect the tree from sunburn Many fruit tree growers use a diluted solution of half…

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