FEED FORMULATION AND FEEDING TROUGH FOR SNAILS


FORMULATED FEEDS

This is the combination or mixture of two or more feed ngredients(maize, groundnut cake, fish meal, soy bean meal, oyster shell, and bone meal) at different proportions to meet the particular need (growth, maintenance, reproduction) of a specific animal using locally available feed resources at lowest possible cost.

BENEFITS OF USING FORMULATED FEED

  • It improves performance of the snail.
  • It can be used to meet the specific requirement of the animal.
  • It can be easily measured.
  • It saves time and energy.
  • It is good for  commercial production of snail.
  • It can be stored for longer period.

DEMERITS

  • Knowledge of simple arithmetic is required.
  • It is expensive.
  • Milling machine is required.

REQUIREMENT FOR FEED FORMULATION

  1. Nutrients requirement of the animal must be known.
  2. Cost of the necessary ingredients must be known.
  3. Nutrients composition of the feed ingredients is essential.
  4. Availability of the feed ingredients.
  5. Little knowledge of arithmetic is required.
  6. The state (health, stages of reproduction) of the animal must be known.
  7. Use of computer.

METHODS OF FORMULATING FEED

  • Pearsion square method.
  • Trial and error method.
  • Use of computer.
  • Simple Pearsion method.
  • Formulate a feed of 24% protein using groundnut cake and maize.

Solution

% protein of maize =10%
% protein of G.N.C =42%
Nutrient requirement =24%
MAIZE                      10
G.N.C                        42
Maize ►10 ∕52 x  24= 4.62%
G.N.C► 42 ∕52 x  24=19.38%
Check
Maize–      4.62∕24 x 100   =19.25
G.N.C- –        19.38∕24 x 100=80.75
——–
100
———
i.e.19.25% of maize and 80.75% of G. N.C are required to formulate a diet of 24% protein.

PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN BEFORE, DURING AND AFTER FEED  FORMULATION FOR SNAIL
•        Avoid using adulterated, mouldy or infested ingredients
•        The ingredients must be properly dried.
•        Be sure that the ingredients are weighed correctly.
•        The feed must be ground to finest particle size
•        The attendants or the manager must be present at the feed mill.
•        The finish feed must be stored in well ventilated dry place.
•        NUTRIENTS  REQUIREMENT FOR DIFFERENT CLASSES OF SNAIL.

PROTEINENERGYCALCIUMPHOSPHORUS
%KcalMe/kg( % )(%)
HATCHLING2622003.5-4.50.6
GROWERS242200-24003.5-4.50.6
ADULT24-262200- 24005.50.6

Omole 2003.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF SOME FEED INGREDIENTS

Raw

Material

Dry Matter (DM) %Crude Protein %Energy ME K Cal/kgEther Extract (Oil)%Crude Fibre %Lysine %Meth. %Calcium
%
Phosph-orus

%

MAIZE881034344.002.000.250.180.010.09
GUINEA CORN891133003.002.000.350.100.040.32
MILLET881025604.008.000.400.180.020.10
MAIZE OFFALS1001125002.8012.000.250.180.010.09
Sorghum Offals100927005.006.000.250.180.010.09
WHEAT OFFALS891718703.508.50.900.250.100.30

SUMMARY OF PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF SNAILS
(A. marginata) FED WITH OR WITHOUT COMPOUNDED RATION

PARAMETERS (MEAN)PAWPAW LEAF(ALONE)PAWPAW LEAF PLUS COMPOUNDED RATIONPAWPAW FRUIT ALONEPAWPAW FRUIT PLUS COMPOUNDED RATION
DRY MATER FEED INTAKE (G/WEEK)41.846.942.347.9
WEIGHT GAIN(G/WEEK)7.1311.877.2312.23
FEED CONVERSION RATIO5.863.955.855.82
WEIGHT OF EGGS (G/WEEK)4.515.654.545.82
WEIGHT OF THE HATCHLING4.405.544.465.75

 

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8 Thoughts to “FEED FORMULATION AND FEEDING TROUGH FOR SNAILS

    1. Benadine

      Thank you Sir!

  1. Alfred banigo

    Thank you Bernadine for this useful information. I will like to be getting relevant latest information on snail farming.

    1. Benadine

      You are welcome Sir.
      You can subscribe to our website for free to get more informations as requested.

  2. teKtonic snails

    This is great. thanks for sharing.

    1. Benadine

      You are welcome Sir!

  3. Mumini

    Thank you for this information .

    1. Benadine

      Thanks for appreciating

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