DISEASE PREVENTION IN SNAIL FARMING

 

Signs of ill health:
•        The snail will fail to eat i.e.
•        . Loss of appetite.
•        The snail will be inactive.
•        There will be loss of weight.
•        No ensalivation of the fleshy part(foot) .
•        Dryness of the fleshy part.
•        Nodules may be formed on the surface of the snail.
•        The foot or fleshy part withdraws into the shell

PREDISPOSITION FACTORS OR CAUSATIVE AGENTS:
•        Adverse environmental condition:
•        Insufficient shading and mulching
•        Overcrowding:
•        Nutrition:
•        Poison:
•        Pathogen
•        Use of fresh poultry droppings
•        Old age:
•        Purchasing snails from different sources

  • WHAT TO DO IF THERE IS INCIDENCE OF DISEASE:
    •        Remove the dry leaves used for mulching.
    •        All dead snails should be removed and burnt outside the snailery.
    •        Top soil in the housing unit must be dug to a depth of 2-3cm and replaced
    •        with humus soil.
    •        The healthy snails should be washed in clean water and put in
    •        the housing unit carefully.
    •        The snails should be well covered with new dry leaves.
    •        Proper management in terms of good feeding, adequate shading,
    •         proper mulching, optimum
    •        stocking rate and sufficient wetting will curtail or curb the incidence of disease outbreak
  • HOW TO PREVENT SOLDIER ANTS INFESTATION
    •        Don’t use any insecticide.
    •        Remove the snails from the housing unit. Wash them in clean water to remove any attached insects.
    •        Light a rag or wood to produce smoke. This smoke will send the ants away.
    •        Remove the top soil.
    •        Make sure that the ants have all disappeared before putting the snails back.
    •        CAGE
    •        LOW OR HIGH FENCED PEN
    •        TYRE
    •        DRUM

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