Gumboro Disease, Symptoms and Prevention

Gumboro Disease threatens poultry farmers mostly because it is a killer type of disease. It is an acute infectious disease that is common with chicks of 3-6 weeks old. Gumboro disease disturbs the growth of broilers in most severe manners. Symptoms: Birds infected with Gumboro disease would not be able to feed well and start to pass out watery whitish diarrhea. The feathers would become ruffled and appear very sluggish. Prevention:  To prevent the outbreak of Gumboro disease, you must make sure that you improve your sanitary measures by disinfecting…

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How to know if your fishes are Underfed or Overfed

To know if your fishes are underfed, you need to regularly observe their weight gain. Underfed fishes will always fail to develop well. Also, observe how they rush feed each time they are fed. In addition, unequal sizes and cannibalism are common occurrences with underfed fish. Diseases are also not far from them and which may at times lead to their death. The common occurrences with overfeeding include water contamination; this is because the excess feed will lead to excess waste production. Also, you will always found feed remnants on…

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Compounding a Local Fish Feed VS Purchasing a Finished Fish Feed which is better? Find Out

Well I will personally advise that you prepare your own feed formula and compound it yourself rather than buying those that are already prepared in the feed mills. The reason is because preparing the feed yourself will give you the complete knowledge of what you are giving to your fishes. Also in case there is any need to change the formula at any time then you will be to do that with ease. Although most of the time compounding it yourself could be a little bit more expensive than buying…

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Tomato Russet Mite

Botanical Name: Aculops lycopersici Crops it affects: Tomato Description: this is a small mite, invisible with naked eye which attacks the green part of the plant Symptoms and Damage Some of the symptoms that are being displayed by the plants when being affected by this disease include:   Leaves turn yellow and dry from the top Brown areas appear on stem Attacked fruits have a cracked aspect and keep a small size Damage prevention They can be prevented through the following means: Favor sprinkling irrigation on leaves Apply specific and…

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Different Varieties of European Eggplant and their Characteristics

Botanical name: Solanum melongena European Eggplant is a hardly species that can be grown all year round in tropical areas. It needs good irrigation management and rigorous control of nitrogen fertilization (to make fruit setting easier) during the hot and rainy season. Hybrid eggplant can be pruned to keep two or three main stems. Before we proceed to the different varieties of European Eggplant we have, I want to briefly explain some diseases abbreviations/common names along with their Pathogen or causal agent as follows: Abbreviation/ Common name Pathogen or Causal…

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New study finds clear differences between organic and non-organic milk and meat

In the largest study of its kind, an international team of experts led by Newcastle University, UK, has shown that both organic milk and meat contain around 50% more beneficial omega-3 fatty acids than conventionally produced products. Analyzing data from around the world, the team reviewed 196 papers on milk and 67 papers on meat and found clear differences between organic and conventional milk and meat, especially in terms of fatty acid composition, and the concentrations of certain essential minerals and antioxidants. Publishing their findings today in the British Journal…

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Forage-based diets on dairy farms produce nutritionally enhanced milk

Markedly higher levels of health-promoting fatty acids reported Summary: Researchers have found that cows fed a 100 percent organic grass and legume-based diet produce milk with elevated levels of omega-3 and CLA, and thus provides a markedly healthier balance of fatty acids. The improved fatty acid profile in grass-fed organic milk and dairy products (hereafter, ‘grass milk’) brings the omega-6/omega-3 ratio to a near 1 to 1, compared to 5.7 to 1 in conventional whole milk. Full Story: Omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids are essential human nutrients, yet consuming too…

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Different Varieties of African Eggplant and their Characteristics

African Eggplant is sometimes called “bitter tomato”. It gives very typical fruits, generally flattened and deeply ribbed. It can be grown all year round but results are better during cool and dry season. Some of the varieties of African Egg Plant includes: Keur M’Bir N’Dao: Keur M’Bir N’Dao gives attractive large fruits, deeply ribbed and flattened. As other African eggplants varieties, it is normally harvested before maturity for example when fruits are light green. It’s maturity period is between 65 days to 75 days and the plant maintains a medium…

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The effect of giving smaller or bigger size of feeds to fish

The effect is that if the size of the feed is smaller for the fish size, it will cause feed wastage as the fish will consume more than they would have consumed if given the right size of feed as smaller size of feed will not give them satisfaction on time. However, serving the fishes with bigger size of feed can choke them up in the throat and may lead to their death. There will be low consumption of feeds as swallowing will be affected. Therefore it is better to…

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Sowing Guide for Different kind of Crops

 Every crop farmer must be aware of the specie he/she wants to cultivate, the average number of seeds, the quantity for sowing per hectare and the crop density (Number of plants per hectare). This will help the farmer understand what his or her expectations are from the crops to be planted. Below is a comprehensive sowing guide for different types of crops according to their specie, average number of seeds (grams), quantity required for sowing (in kilogram) and the crop density i.e. number of required plants per hectare. Species Average…

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The sizes of feeds one can give to fish at a particular age

I want to assume that your fish are juveniles. If yes, they will be around 6-8weeks of age. At this age, 2mm of imported feeds is recommended. As they keep growing and from experience, I have come to conclude with the sizes that correspond to their age especially if they are from good source and are responding well to their feeds. For instance: 2mm at 2months, 3mm at 3months, and 4mm at 4months etc. However, the type of feed should also be considered, for instance the size of 8mm coppens…

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The Quantity of feed Fishes Eat at a Time

The quantity of feed they eat at a time varies from time to time based on their age. The older they grow, the more the quantity of feed they take. Averagely, to reach 1 kg weight, it is expected that a fish would have consumed 1 kg of feed. Thus, to know the amount of feed to give at a time, you have to divide 1 kg of feed into the number of months you want to raise them and then spread it into each day bearing in mind that…

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Recommended number of times to feed Catfishes daily

This depends on how busy you are if you are the one feeding them yourself. However, feeding them three times in a day is ideal. Create a feeding time for them and adhere to it. In any case, if it will be anything less, feeding them less than 2 times a day will not bring out the best in them. So, in a nutshell, feed them for a minimum of 2-3 times per day and expect a better result. See also: Advantages of imported feeds over the local feeds

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Advantages of imported feeds over the local feeds

Imported feeds have some advantage over the local which includes: most imported feeds are floating feeds and thus do not contaminate water easily compared with local feeds which are mostly sinking feeds/pellets. Also, being floating pellets, imported feeds are not usually wasted as most of them can stay on the surface of the water for more than two hours, thus making them to have access to it unlike sinking pellets. In terms of nutrient value, imported feeds are more nutritious than the local feeds. Thus may be due to the…

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Do you know that Diet may influence the spread of a deadly type of breast cancer? Find out what study finds

                                     Asparagus (stock image). Credit: © Nelly Kovalchuk / Fotolia A single protein building block commonly found in food may hold a key to preventing the spread of an often-deadly type of breast cancer, according to a new multicenter study published today in the medical journal Nature. Investigators found that by limiting an amino acid called asparagine in laboratory mice with triple-negative breast cancer, they could dramatically reduce the ability of the cancer to travel to distant sites in the body. Among other techniques, the team used dietary restrictions to…

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