A Comprehensive Guide on How to Plant Cassava

Cassava (Manihot Esculenta) is the third-largest source of food carbohydrates in the tropics after rice and maize. In this post, we will highlight the comprehensive guide on how to start a cassava farm. According to Wikipedia, the origin of cassava can be traced back to West-central Brazil where it was likely first domesticated no more than 10,000 years BP. It was however introduced to Africa by Portuguese traders from Brazil in the 16th century. Today, Nigeria ranks first position as the world largest producer of cassava. This is followed by…

Read More

FEED FORMULATION AND FEEDING TROUGH FOR SNAILS

FORMULATED FEEDS This is the combination or mixture of two or more feed ngredients(maize, groundnut cake, fish meal, soy bean meal, oyster shell, and bone meal) at different proportions to meet the particular need (growth, maintenance, reproduction) of a specific animal using locally available feed resources at lowest possible cost. BENEFITS OF USING FORMULATED FEED It improves performance of the snail. It can be used to meet the specific requirement of the animal. It can be easily measured. It saves time and energy. It is good for  commercial production of…

Read More

EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS NEEDED IN SNAIL FARMING

They include the following: 1 . Small weighing scale. 2. Watering can 3. Water containers (Water tanks) 4. Hand trowel 5. Water and feeding troughs 6. S h o v e l. 7. H o e. 8. Cutlass. 9. Plastic buckets. 10. Measuring tape 11. R a k e.

Read More

EFFECTS OF SNAIL FARMING (DOMESTICATED) ON THE ENVIRONMENT.

Air Pollution: •        If the management practices are not strictly followed, there could be atmospheric pollution as a result of dead snail not removed from the pen. Dead snail has very offensive odour. It is more offensive than poultry droppings odour. The offensive odour could lead to diarrhea or cholera in man if not properly checked. Soil Pollution: •        The soil could be polluted if the pen is not well managed. If the soil inside the pen is not removed or turned regularly the soil may be polluted as a…

Read More

DISEASE PREVENTION IN SNAIL FARMING

  Signs of ill health: •        The snail will fail to eat i.e. •        . Loss of appetite. •        The snail will be inactive. •        There will be loss of weight. •        No ensalivation of the fleshy part(foot) . •        Dryness of the fleshy part. •        Nodules may be formed on the surface of the snail. •        The foot or fleshy part withdraws into the shell PREDISPOSITION FACTORS OR CAUSATIVE AGENTS: •        Adverse environmental condition: •        Insufficient shading and mulching •        Overcrowding: •        Nutrition: •        Poison: •        Pathogen •        Use…

Read More

CARCASS ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT BREEDS OF SNAIL

Parameter A. marginata A. achatina A. fulica Limicolaria spp Mean Liveweight (G) 285.0 162.0 23.88 8.40 Weight Of The Foot 112.2 59.91 9.34 2.62 Weight Of The Shell (G) 72.68 41 5.47 2.03 Weight Of The Visceral  (G) 62.43 35.28 4.98 1.95 Dressing percentage (%) 39.36 36.98 39.11 31.19 Shell/Live-weight % 25.50 25.5 22.91 24.16 VISCERAL / LIVE WEIGHT (%) 21.91 21.78 20.69 23.21 TABLE 1. PROXIMATE COMPOSITION OF GALS (A. MARGINATA VAR. SATURALIS) X Proximate composition (%) White-skinned eggs Black-skinned eggs Meat** Moisture Content 60.00 ± 2.18 59.94 ±…

Read More

Goat Breeds for Milk

Goats are one of the most popular animals which are being raised for the purpose of milk and meat production. There are different breeds of goats with each breed having a different meat and milk production rate. In order to get the most out of your goats, the right breed must be considered. Breeds of Goats can be classified according to their purposes i.e. for milk and for meat. First we will discuss the different breeds of goat for milk production below: Goat Breeds for Milk Goat milk contains less…

Read More

Thinning of Plantain Suckers

Unlike those of most other bananas, plantain suckers develop very slowly. After harvest, all suckers start to grow at the same time and most have to be eliminated to stop competition. The tallest is left to guarantee the follow up and maintain the density. Thinning usually has to be repeated a month later, as new suckers will have emerged by that time. Suckers are thinned with a machete. The sucker pseudo stem is cut off near its corm and the point of the machete is twisted in the growing tip,…

Read More

Recommended Routine Activities on a Rabbitry Farm

Throughout this issue, we have placed a lot of emphasis on security when constructing or purchasing your structures and choosing your equipment. Once you have a safe rabbitry in place, security should still be a priority. This security extends beyond protecting rabbits from outside threats and includes their safekeeping in all ways, from vigilant temperature control to regular feeding schedules. The best way to make sure your rabbits stay protected is to develop consistent routines. 1. Visitor guidelines A rabbit raiser called me up recently and said his does would…

Read More

Important Tools and Equipment for Raising Rabbits

Expert advice on which tools and equipment for raising rabbits is absolutely vital to your success, plus some rabbit handling advice. We’ve covered basic housing options and the typical rabbit feed and watering options already. But what about all those extra tools that make running a rabbitry go smoother – the things you’d never think about until you were helping a buddy cull a few rabbits and you had one of those where-did-you-get-that-thing moments? And where should you draw the line between essential and nonessential? Read on, and we’ve got…

Read More

Required Spacing for Plantain Cultivation

The recommended spacing is 3 m between the plantain rows and 2 m within the row (in other words. 3 m x 2 m). An alternative is 2.5 m x 2.5 m. If spaced 3 m x 2 m, 1 hectare should contain 1667 plants, but with a spacing of 2.5 m x 2.5 m, it should contain 1600 plants. Rows should be straight in flat fields to give plants the maximum amount of sunlight. However, on sloping land, rows should follow the contour lines in order to decrease soil…

Read More