Ten Commandments of Poultry Health

You should always be at alert for sign of diseases. Always get an accurate diagnosis immediately by calling on the veterinarian. Always be careful with visitors or strangers who might transfer disease organisms to your birds. Always keep confined chicks in clean disinfected and dried quarters. Always follow a rigid vaccination program.

How to Control and Prevent Disease Outbreak on your Poultry Farms

Disease control and prevention Good hygiene, sanitation and medication are important aspects of poultry keeping. To control diseases in the farm, poultry farmers must do the following: Rear chicks in isolation Avoid mixing birds of different ages together Screen out rodents and wild animals Keep visitors out of the poultry houses Secure

Basil – Importance and Health Benefits

Basil is an aromatic herb in the mint family that anti-inflammatory, anti-stress and antibacterial properties. It also works as a pain reliever, blood vessel protector, immune booster and cancer fighter. Basil contains essential oils that are rich in antioxidants and are responsible for the many benefits of basil as discussed below: What

Aspects of Agriculture

Agriculture, in recent times, has gained a lot of attention from International Authorities such as the FAO, IMF, World Bank and UNICEF. Not only is the research into the development of easier, safer and faster farming processes on the rise, there is also a lot of focus on the development of healthier,


1) BANANAS 🍌🍌🍌🍌🍌 •Protect your heart. •Strengthen bones. •Control blood pressure •Block diarrhea. 2) BEANS 🥓🥓🥓🥓🥓 •Prevent constipation. •Help hemorrhoids. •Lower cholesterol. •Combat cancer. •Stabilize blood sugar. 3) BROCCOLI •Strengthens. •Saves eyesight. •Combats cancer. •Protects your heart. •Controls blood pressure. 4) CABBAGE •Combats cancer. •Prevents constipation. •Promotes weight loss. •Protects your heart.

Poultry Feed-mill and Formulation of Rations

What is feed mill? Feed mill is a concept that deals with the science of combining different/available animals consumable raw materials in a proportion suitable to animals to enhance balanced rations. Types of poultry feed mash are: Chick feed mash Grower feed mash Layer feed mash Broiler starter feed mash Broiler finisher

Nutritional Deficiency and How it affects Birds

Nutritional deficiency can only occur when feed feed producers fail to ensure balanced rations for birds. In this case, most of vital vitamins required for birds to grow well, healthy and maintain high production of eggs would not be present such as Pyridoxine B6, Inositol, Vitamins A.D3.D etc. As a result of

Feeding Methods for Birds

Feed mash should be supplied to the birds twice daily. For instance: once in the morning and once in the afternoon. To prevent wastage of feed mash, feeders should be filled to â…“ of the total depth and care should be taken also that water troughs or gutters are level, unpunctured and

Litter Management

Litter is a material used as bedding for poultry or to absorb their droppings such as wood shaving, Groundnut husks, Broken Maize cobs etc. litter insulates and help to keep the house dry. Since it is an insulator, it keeps the chicks from the otherwise hard, moist cold floor. Litter should then

All About Coccidiosis in poultry and How to tackle it

Coccidiosis is an intestinal disease that occurs when a microscopic parasitic organism (called a protozoa) attaches itself to the intestinal lining of a chicken. It damages the tissue of the gut, causing bleeding (which can be evident in their droppings), prevents the chicken from absorbing nutrients and creates an environment in which

All About Eggs

Egg Definition: Ovum or female reproductive body of multi-cellular animals, particularly the complex structure produced by birds, reptiles and certain mammals that matures outside the body of the parent. Egg consist of protoplasm, the germ, tread and yolk from which animal develops. The flesh of eggs are used as food and all

Poultry Terms and Meanings

Below are some of the basic poultry terms and terminologies you need to be aware of: Terminologies Meaning Chicks Both male and female birds of one day old (D.O) to 6-8weeks old. Growers Both male and female birds of 8-12weeks old Pullets Female birds that are less than 20weeks old Cockerels Male

Poultry Records Keeping Books, Types and it’s Benefits

For the good managements of poultry keeping, farmers are advised to update all records books accordingly. In case of a busy poultry farmer who hardly find time to record or go through the books, he must employ someone to do this task for him/her because it helps the farmer keep the track

How to Grow Tomatoes

Tomato is a vegetable locally produced and highly consumed in Uganda. Almost on a daily basis every person has to eat a tomato in their food. Common Tomato Varieties Grown The choice of a Tomato cultivar is based on fruit quality, adaptability and reliability, susceptibility to diseases and pests. Varieties include: –

10 Incredible Benefits of Rice

The health benefits of rice include its ability to provide instant energy, regulate and improve bowel movements, stabilize blood sugar levels, and slow down the aging process. It also plays a role in providing vitamin B1 to the human body. Other benefits include its ability to aid in skin care, boost metabolism

Anti-stress and its importance for fishes

Really, fishes (either fingerlings or juveniles) do pass through a lot of stress in the cause of cropping them, transporting and stocking them in the pond where they will grow to table size. The extent of the stress depends on the distance covered in transporting them, the time of the day they

Vaccination Program for Broiler Birds

Below is the vaccination program for Broiler birds meanwhile, you must be aware that certain emergency occurrences might require sudden treatment or vaccination of your flock therefore I will advice that you always carry an expert along. Daily/Weekly Broilers Vaccination 1-5days N.D.V Intra Ocular (i/o) Vaccine 1-7days Antibiotics and Multivitamins 11-13days Anti-Coccidial

Vaccination Program for Pullet/Layer Birds

Below is the vaccination program for Pullet/Layer birds meanwhile, you must be aware that certain emergency occurrences might require sudden treatment or vaccination of your flock therefore I will advice that you always carry an expert along. Daily/Weekly Pullet /Layer Vaccination 1-5days N.D.V Intra Ocular (i/o) Vaccine 1-7days Antibiotics and Multivitamins 11-13days

Vaccination Program for Cockerel Birds

Below is the vaccination program for cockerel birds meanwhile, you must be aware that certain emergency occurrences might require sudden treatment or vaccination of your flock therefore i will advice that you always carry an expert along. Daily/Weekly Cockerels Vaccination 1-5days N.D.V Intra Ocular (i/o) Vaccine 1-7days Antibiotics and Multivitamins 11-13days Anti-Coccidial

Poultry internal Diseases and Post Mortem Examination

As symptoms of disease are noticed on the external part of the birds, they could also be noticed in the internal organs. A serious poultry farmer can sometime take time off to examine a victim bird of a certain disease which seems strange or familiar. Symptoms of diseases like Chronic Respiratory, Wet

Pecking in Poultry and How to control it

Pecking among birds is a costly and vicious habit that poultry producers cannot afford to ignore. It may occur at any age among all breeds, strains and sexes of birds. Pecking usually occurs when the birds are stressed by a poor management practice. Once becoming stressed, one bird begins picking the feathers, comb,

Poultry External Parasites and Control Measures

Poultry parasites obtain their food from either the skin or feathers of living birds and they draw blood with the aid of the hook on the head. Various parasites like lice, mites and ticks are common in poultry. Lice: Parasites like lice are commonly found among birds of various types. The largest

Propping and Harvesting of Plantains

Propping The heavy weight of the plantain bunch bends all bearing plants and can cause doubling (pseudo stem breaks), snap-off (corm breaks, leaving a part in the ground) or uprooting also called top-over whereby the entire corm with root comes out of the ground. Plants are generally weak during the dry season

Inter-cropping of a plantain field and its Advantages

Plantain fields are arranged in rows spaced at about 3m x 2m. as the canopy closes only to about 5 to 6 months after planting, a fair amount of inter-row space remains un-exploited during the first months. This space can be used for plants which have a short life cycle and which

Recommended Plantain Fertilization Methods

In order to produce a heavy bunch, plantains always need some extra nutrients. These can be applied in the form of either inorganic or organic fertilizers (mulch, manure or ash from wood fires). Inorganic fertilizers have the advantages of easy handling and concentrated nutrients while organic fertilizers are very bulky, yet they

Mulching of Plantains and its Advantages

Organic matter is essential for plantain cultivation if the field is to be very productive for a long time. A high level of organic matter in the soil is beneficial because it stimulates root development, improves soil drainage, decreases soil temperature fluctuation and increases soil porosity and biological life. Organic matter decays

How to identify and Treat Diseases on your fish Farm

It is possible for your fish not to have any disease. However, this is only possible if you take every precaution at preventing diseases which include adequate and proper feeding, good water maintenance and prevention of stressful conditions. All these are based on the assumption that your fishes either fingerlings or juveniles

Foot-and-Mouth disease in Cattle: Causes and Symptoms

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a severe, highly contagious viral disease of cattle and swine. It also affects sheep, goats, deer, and other cloven-hooved ruminants. FMD is not recognised as a zoonotic disease. The disease spreads very quickly if not controlled and because of this is a reportable disease. Causes: The disease is

Piglets Management

The first few hours of the life of a piglet are very important. What you do to the piglet in those hours will determine it’s survival. – provide a warm housing for piglets (obviously namuimona imbaula pa conner) – Keep the creep box clean and provide heating. Temperatures of about 20 degrees


The following diseases are prevalent during the rainy season: Infectious Bursal Disease (Gumboro): A viral infection that mostly affects immature birds aged between three and 18 weeks targeting the bursal component of the immune system resulting in immuno-suppression and susceptibility to secondary infections. Chickens may exhibit severe prostration, inc-ordination, watery diarrhoea, soiled

The possible market outlet for Table Fishes

Fishes can be sold to the middle women and men that will re-sell; it can also be sold to restaurants and pepper soup joints. Arrangements can be made with big eateries where continental dishes are served. Importation is also a possibility depending on the capacity of your fish farm. In a nutshell,


  The purpose is to protect the birds from dogs, cats, snakes, rats and other pests and thieves and to keep out mice, rats and birds from eating valuable poultry feed and transmitting disease. Basic requirements for the building are: • it is rain proof • it protects poultry from direct sunlight

4 Ways of caring for a Fruit Tree

1) Decide how to prune: If you want the tree to produce fruiting branches low to the ground, you can prune it to knee height and cut back the side branches to one or two buds. This will direct the tree’s energy to producing low branches at the cuts you made. On

11 Merits of Snail Farming Business

One of the personal Entrepreneur characteristic (PEC) that makes a big difference between a successful entrepreneur and an unsuccessful one is opportunity seeking. That is, seeking, recognizing and acting on new business opportunities. This is the use of contacts or networking to obtain useful information’s. It is in view of the above

How to Plant Fruit Trees

Fruit trees are surprisingly easy to grow in a backyard setting, and they yield years’ worth of beautiful spring blooms and plentiful fruit. Apple, peach, plum and pear trees all grow well in a variety of climates. When making your selection, confirm with the nursery that your chosen fruit tree is compatible

Advantages and Disadvantages of Greenhouse Technology

Greenhouse Technology is the interesting procedure of giving positive conditions to the plants. Developing plants is both a craftsmanship and science. Despite many difficulties man has learnt how to develop plant under regular habitat. Indeed, even in extraordinary unfavorable climatic conditions where no products can develop, man has built up a strategy

What is Mulching and Importance of Mulching

Mulching may be defined as the process of covering the soil surface around the plants to create congenial conditions for the crop growth. This may include moisture and soil conservation, temperature moderation, salinity and weed control etc. It exerts a decisive effect on earliness, yield and quality of the crop. Types of


GROWING BELL PEPPERS Peppers are a tender, warm-season crop. Here’s how to grow peppers in your garden! Peppers resist most garden pests and offer something for everyone: spicy, sweet, or hot; and a variety of colors, shapes, and sizes. For this page, we will focus on sweet bell peppers. 1) PLANTING Start seeds indoors 8-10 weeks before last spring frost


GROWING TOMATOES Tomato plants are susceptible to pests and diseases so proper plant care is important. ARE TOMATOES A FRUIT OR A VEGETABLE? I’m sharing a few bits of tomato trivia and a number of gardening tips for big, healthy harvest. In 1893, the United States Supreme Court ruled that since tomatoes are most often served during the main part of the


VEGETABLE GARDENING FOR BEGINNERS Whether you’re a 0beginner with a single pot or an old hand planting an entire plot, This Vegetable Gardening Guide will help you to plan and grow your tastiest vegetables ever. VEGETABLE GARDENING FOR BEGINNERS Why garden, you ask? If you’ve never tasted garden-fresh vegetables (lots of people haven’t!), you will be amazed

Clean your Kidney now with Garden Egg Leaves

CLEAN YOUR KIDNEYS NOW AVOID DIALYSIS. ( BUY GARDEN EGG LEAVES.) SEE HOW TO USE IT : 1. Cut the leaves into pieces. 2. Rinse in clean water. 3. Put in a clean pot with clean water. 4. Boil for 10mins. 5. Filter it in a bottle. Allow to cool and take

Tropical Plants: Definition and Importance

What does Tropical Plant mean? A tropical plant is a plant that grows naturally in a tropical climate. A tropical climate is typically hot and humid, with temperatures constantly exceeding 18 degrees Celsius, with zero frost days. In colder climates north of the equator, tropical plants can be grown as houseplants and

7 Ways to Boost the Bloom in Your Grow Garden

Takeaway: One of the most satisfying moments for any grower is nurturing flowering crops into producing abundant, vigorous blossoms, which then lead to better harvests. Here are seven tips to help you achieve bountiful blooms. Start with a healthy plant. The first stage of a plant’s life is about getting bigger and establishing

Health Benefits and Nutritional Values of Orange

Oranges are tropical fruits of the citrus species that are grown worldwide specifically here in Nigeria and other West African countries, containing several phytochemicals and flavonoids. It serves as the main source of the vitamin and is also rich in dietary fibre and other nutritional values with a range of health benefits.

How to prepare Plantain Suckers for Planting

Suckers are separated from their mother plant with a spade or machete. The sucker corm must not be damaged or chipped. Consequently the corm should be carefully peeled with a machete. The pseudo stem of the suckers should be cut off a few centimeters above the corm. Peeling of the corm delays

How to select Plantain Cultivars

For field cultivation, medium plantains should be preferred to giant ones even though giant plantains produce heavier bunches. Giant plantains take longer to produce and are more likely to be damaged by strong winds because of their size. The decision whether to grow a French or a False Horn plantain cultivar should

The Recommended Spacing for Plantain Cultivation

The recommended spacing for planting plantain is 3m between the plantain rows and 2 m within the row (in other words. 3 m x 2 m). An alternative is 2.5 m x 2.5 m. If spaced 3 m x 2 m, 1 hectare should contain 1667 plants, but with a spacing of 2.5 m

Methods of field preparation for plantain farming

When preparing your fields for your plantain farming, you must be aware of the fact that fields are to be prepared with minimum disturbance to the soil (no-tillage farming). In consequence, manual clearing should be preferred to mechanical deforestation because bulldozers always remove topsoil with the important organic matter and compact the

Selecting a site for plantain farming? Things to consider

Selecting The Site There are some factors that must be considered when selecting a site for your plantain farming business which are as follows: 1) The site should be easily accessible, especially if the establishment of a large field is being planned. 2) It should be well drained but not too steeply

The Importance of Plantain Farming Business

Plantain is a staple crop grown throughout the tropics. In Africa, plantain and Banana are also an important source of carbohydrate in the diet of more than 70 million people. Plantain is also an important source of revenue for farmers who produce the crop in small-scale field plantations and Backyards. Backyard soil

Things to know about Snails

Snail farming in most countries for example in Nigeria is one of the most lucrative, cost effective, easy to run business practices that requires very little capital to run compared to other forms of agricultural practices like poultry farming and the likes. Snail farming in Nigeria is one of the most neglected

Advantages of Snail Farming

Snail shells serves as calcium used for animal feeds Snail farming require little land or area Snail feeds are cheap and readily available Snail farming in Nigeria for instance is not capital intensive Snail farming is very easy to run Snail doesn’t require too much attention like other agricultural practices, making it

Facts about Snails and Snail Farming

Snails produce a thick slime which protect and give them the ability to crawl on sharp objects like the edge of a razor and not get hurt. Snails are hermaphrodites that is to say that they posses both male and female reproductive system. Garden snails have up to 14,175 teeth and they

Benefits of Snail Farming

Below are the some of the benefits of snail farming business in Nigeria and all over the world: It is very easy to run It is a highly lucrative business It is environmental friendly Snails are highly productive Low in fat and cholesterol Highly medicinal and used for health’s related products Snail

Introduction to Fish Farming

Fish farming is known as pisciculture in the academic world. It is a form of aquaculture involving the farming of aquatic organisms like fish, crustaceans, mollusks and aquatic plants. Fish farming involves raising fish commercially in ponds, tanks or enclosures. There are hundreds of species of fish among which are: sea trout,